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Translingual

Han character

? (radical 38, ?+2, 5 strokes, cangjie input (VE), four-corner 47440, composition ???)

Derived characters

Descendants

References

  • KangXi: page 254, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6039
  • Dae Jaweon: page 517, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1024, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5974

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-silk.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series (?) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
? *rna:
? *rna:
? *rna:
? *rna:, *na
? *rna:, *na:, *na:s
? *rna:, *na
? *rna:s, *nas, *snas, *nas
? *rna:w
? *rna:w
? *na:, *na:
? *na:
? *na:, *na:?
? *na:
? *na:
? *na:?
? *na:?
? *na:?, *na:s
? *na
? *na
? *na?, *nas
? *na?
? *hnjas
? *nja, *njas
? *nja, *nja?, *njas
? *nja, *njas
? *nja
? *nja
? *nja?
? *nja?

Ideogrammic compound (): ? ("woman") + ? ("hand") - a hand capturing and ordering a woman around. ? (OC *na?, *nas) may also be phonetic.

Some oracle bone script forms (not depicted above) are pictographic (), showing a person (probably a woman) with hands crossed at the back, as opposed to ? which depicts a woman clasping her hands in front of the body.

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. slave; servant
  2. (polite) I
  3. (derogatory) a person associated with a particular identity or trait
  4. to enslave

Synonyms

  • (I):

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji

?

(common "J?y?" kanji)

  1. a thing, an object; (derogatory, familiar) a person

Readings

Pronunciation 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: S
kun'yomi

Noun

? (hiragana , katakana , r?maji yatsu)

  1. (colloquial, impolite) fellow, chap, guy

Pronoun

? (hiragana , katakana , r?maji yatsu)

  1. (colloquial, impolite) he, she
    • 1988 July 30 [Jul 25 1984], Fujiko F. Fujio, "??? [I, Y?ko]", in [Post-Mid-Tomorrow] (?SF; 2), volume 2 (fiction), 10th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, ->ISBN, page 65:
      ? ()? ()? ()? ()? (?)?? ()? ()
      Kaisetsusha wa tashika ni nakami made onna datta to dangenshita. Kiku nari, ore wa yatsu o bunnagutta.
      The commentator asserted that all my ins and outs had completely turned female. Upon hearing that, I just knocked him to the ground.

Usage notes

  • This is an example of a word that can be spelled with katakana to convey an informal conversational tone, as .

Pronunciation 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: S
kun'yomi

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji yakko)

  1. servant, valet, footman

Pronunciation 3

Suffix

? (hiragana ?, r?maji -me)

  1. Derogatory suffix attached to people's names or words that refer to people, animals, etc.
    ? (?)!
    Baka-me!
    Idiot!
    • ? (Leonid Andrejev) (translator (Mori ?gai)), ? ( (Kusaka))
      ?? (?)? (?)? (?)?? (?)? (?)?? ()? ()[1]
      "Koi to ittara koi. Shutchuka-me. Baka na yatsu da. Onore wa d?mo shi ya shinai."
      "If I say come, come. Silly Zhuchka. You fool. I won't do anything to you."

Korean

Hanja

? o (no) (hangeul ?)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

? (, no, , n?)

  1. (colloquial) he, she, it

Usage notes

  • Ch? Nôm.
  • This is the common form of this character. The regular form is ?.
  • The term is de facto used to refer to any animal (including the human) in the third person, in a disrespectful manner. The use of the term to translate the English it, or to refer to an inanimate object, is rather artificial, and mostly found in awkward (but common) translation of other languages.

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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