See also: ?
, ?, and ?
? (radical 37, ?+0, 3 strokes, cangjie input ? (K), four-corner 40030/40800, composition ???)
- Kangxi radical #37, ?.
- ? ? ? ? ? ? (other characters derived from a similar figure shape)
- KangXi: page 248, character 1
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5831
- Dae Jaweon: page 492, character 25
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 520, character 1
- Unihan data for U+5927
|Characters in the same phonetic series (?) (Zhengzhang, 2003)
||*t?a:ds, *da:ds, *djads
Ideogram (): a person ? with arms stretched out as far as possible, implying the meaning of big/great/large.
Compare with ?, which is a man with bent legs.
Compare also ?, which is a man with arms outstretched and a crest or tattoo on his chest, and to ?, which is a man with arms outstretched and leaning to side (running).
Three pronunciations can be found in Modern Standard Chinese:
- Modern dà, from Middle Chinese d?H, from Old Chinese *l?a:ts. The phonological development from Old Chinese to Middle Chinese is irregular. Original sense: "big" (Shijing). Derived senses: "size" (Mozi), "thick" (Zhuangzi), "to respect" (Mengzi), "to respect" (Xunzi), "to extol" (Gongyang Zhuan), "to exaggerate" (Classic of Rites), "arrogant" (Guoyu), "good" (I Ching), "(of time) long" (Erya), "senior" (Shijing).
- Modern dài, from Middle Chinese d?iH, from Old Chinese *l?a:ts. This Middle Chinese pronunciation-preserving (i.e. literary) pronunciation occurs only in compounds such as (dàifu, "doctor") and (dàiwang, "(in operas, old novels) king; ringleader").
- Modern tài, from Middle Chinese tiH, from Old Chinese *la:ts. This is the ancient form of ? (tài, "too, excessively") and this orthographical usage is obsolete in modern languages.
Pronunciation 2), the diphthong reading, is traditionally regarded as the correct one. However, the monophthong reading 1) has been recorded as early as Han Dynasty, and Sui-Tang rhyme books record both. Both readings are reflected in Sino-xenic readings in non-Sinitic languages, although the diphthong readings dominate in compounds. Axel Schüssler postulates that all pronunciations can eventually be traced back to liquid initials, i.e. 1,2) **la:ts, 3) **hla:ts.
The three pronunciations are cognate. Within Chinese, they are cognate with ? (OC *t?a:ds, "too, excessively"), ? (OC *t?a:ds, "big"), ? (OC *l'a:n?, "big, magniloquent, ridiculous"). There are no unambiguous Tibeto-Burman cognates. Proto-Tibeto-Burman *taj ("big"), from which came Written Tibetan (mthe bo, "thumb"), Nung t ("big, large, great"), Mikir t?è, ket?è ("id."), Burmese (tai, "very"), is often compared with. There is no final -s in the Tibeto-Burman words, but a -y, which, according to James Matisoff, "indicates emergent quality in stative verbs". Also compare Chinese ? (OC *?l'a:l, "many, much"), ? (OC *ta:, "all").
- of great size; big; large; huge
- Antonyms: ? (xi?o)
- big; great
- great of its kind
- Zuóti?n xià dày?.
- There was heavy
- hou2daai6 zam6 mei6 [Jyutping]
- a very strong
- in a extreme manner; greatly
- dà k?
- to cry violently
- to be greatly
- dà bù xiàngtóng
- (please add an English translation of this example)
???,??? [MSC, trad.]
???,??? [MSC, simp.]
- N? yùdào zhè zh?ng qíngkuàng, dà k?y? z?urén na. [Pinyin]
- (please add an English translation of this example)
- main; major
?????? [MSC, trad.]
?????? [MSC, simp.]
- T?men ji?ng ch? y?zhí k?i dào dà ménk?u. [Pinyin]
- They drove right up to the main gate.
????? [MSC, trad.]
????? [MSC, simp.]
- T? shì y?ji? shíyóu g?ngs? de dà g?d?ng. [Pinyin]
- He is a major stockholder in an oil company.
- well-known; successful (only applied to some occupations)
- dà sh?f?ji?
- a well-known
- mature; grown up
- => ?
- N? du? dà le?
- How old
- T? b? t? dà.
- She is old
er than him.
/ ?? [Cantonese]
- hai2 gwong2 zau1daai6 [Jyutping]
- to grow up in Guangzhou
- (dialectal) father
- (dialectal) father's elder or younger brother
- (Cantonese) small
- (Cantonese, slang) to intimidate; to threaten
- Nei5daai6 ngo5 aa4? [Jyutping]
- Are you trying to intimidate
- (Cantonese, euphemistic) number two
- Short for / (dàxué, "university"). Used only in the abbreviation of the name.
- Peking University
- 45th tetragram of the Taixuanjing
- Used in (dàifu, "doctor").
- Used in (Dàichéng, "Daicheng, Hebei").
- Used in (dàiwáng, "(in operas, old novels) king; ringleader").
|For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("too; so; etc.").|
(This character, ?, is an ancient form of ?.)
- Japanese: ? (dai); ? (tai)
- Korean: ? (?, dae)
- Vietnamese: i (?)
(grade 1 "Ky?iku" kanji)
- Go-on: ? (da); (dai, J?y?)
- Kan-on: ? (ta); (tai, J?y?)
- Kun: (?, ?, J?y?) (ofo, historical); ? (?kii, , J?y?); ? (?ini, , J?y?)? (ofoini, historical)
- Nanori: (ufu); ? (o); ? (ta); (takashi); (tomo); (hajime); (hiro); (hiroshi); (futoshi); (masa); (masaru); (moto); (yutaka); ? (wa)
- (taian): lucky day
- ?? (taii): schema
- (daiinshin): labia majora
- (daikazoku): extended family
- (taiga sh?setsu): saga novel
- (taika): large fire
- (taikai): convention; rally
- (taikai): ocean
- (daigaku): university
- (daikan): midwinter
- (taikan): broad overview
- (taiki): atmosphere
- (daikibo): large-scale
- (taigi): state ceremony
- (taigi): justice
- (taigyaku): high treason
- (taikyo): in force
- (taikyo): Taikyo
- (taikyoku): general situation
- (taigun): large herd; large flock; large crowd
- (taigun): large army
- (taikei): compendium
- ? (taigens?go): boasting; bragging
- (daiku): carpenter
- (taik?): fundamental principals; general outline
- (daikokuten): god of wealth
- (daikon): daikon
- (taisa): colonel; navy captain
- (taisa): great difference
- (daizai): serious crime
- (taishi): ambassador
- (taishi): ambition
- (daiji): important; serious
- (taiju): huge tree
- (taish?): general public
- (taisho): midsummer's day
- (taish?): general; admiral
- (daish?): various sizes; large and small; a pair of swords worn together
- (daij?bu): all right; okay; safe
- (taishoku): gluttony
- (daijin): cabinet minister
- (taiseiy?): Atlantic Ocean
- (taisetsu): important; valuable
- (taisen): great battle; great war
- ? (daizenteisen): Bartholin's gland
- (daitan): bold; daring
- (daid?myaku): aorta
- ? (daid?sh?i): with only minor differences
- (dait?ry?): president
- (dain?): brain
- (daimy?): feudal lord
- (taiy?): ocean
- (dairiseki): marble
- (tairiku): continent
- (tairy?): a large amount
- (otona): adult
- ?? (Tegu): Japanese name for Daegu, Korea
- (Yamato): Yamato
From Middle Chinese ? (MC d?iH).
? (hiragana , r?maji dai-)
- big, large
- tremendous crisis
- dai-hitto suru
- to become a smash hit
- the large part of
- (religion) arch-
This is often the first half two-character shorthand name of universities, for example (Tokyo University, "T?dai")
/opo/ -> /ofo/ -> /owo/ -> /o:/
From Old Japanese.
Derived from stem (?i, "many, a large number of"). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)
? (hiragana , r?maji ?-, historical hiragana )
- big; great
- ?-baka na
- extremely foolish
? o (dae, tae)
- Sound (hangeul): ?, ?
- Name (hangeul):
- (, bangdae)
- (, daeeumsun, "labia majora")
- ? (?, jeoksoseongdae)
- ? (?, jeon-gwondaesa)
?: Hán Vi?t readings: i, dãy, d?y, thái, i, ?ài, i