See also: ?
, ?, and ?
? (radical 37 ?+0, 3 strokes, cangjie input ? (K), four-corner 40030/40800, composition ???)
- Kangxi radical #37, ?.
- ? ? ? ? ? ? (other characters derived from a similar figure shape)
- KangXi: page 248, character 1
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5831
- Dae Jaweon: page 492, character 25
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 520, character 1
- Unihan data for U+5927
|Characters in the same phonetic series (?) (Zhengzhang, 2003)
||*t?a:ds, *da:ds, *djads
Ideogram (): a person ? with arms stretched out as far as possible, implying the meaning of big/great/large.
Compare with ?, which is a man with bent legs with the meaning of weak.
Compare also ?, which is a man with arms outstretched and a crest or tattoo on his chest denoting culture or language, and to ?, which is a man with arms outstretched and leaning to side (running), denoting youth.
Three pronunciations can be found in Modern Standard Chinese:
- Modern dà, from Middle Chinese d?L, from Old Chinese *l?a:ts. The phonological development from Old Chinese to Middle Chinese is irregular. Original sense: "big" (Shijing). Derived senses: "size" (Mozi), "thick" (Zhuangzi), "to respect" (Mengzi), "to respect" (Xunzi), "to extol" (Gongyang Zhuan), "to exaggerate" (Classic of Rites), "arrogant" (Guoyu), "good" (I Ching), "(of time) long" (Erya), "senior" (Shijing).
- Modern dài, from Middle Chinese d?iL, from Old Chinese *l?a:ts. This Middle Chinese pronunciation-preserving (i.e. literary) pronunciation occurs only in compounds such as (dàifu, "doctor") and (dàiwang, "(in operas, old novels) king; ringleader").
- Modern tài, from Middle Chinese tiL, from Old Chinese *la:ts. This is the ancient form of ? (tài, "too, excessively") and is obsolete in modern languages.
Pronunciation 2), the diphthong reading, is traditionally regarded as the correct one. However, the monophthong reading 1) has been recorded as early as Han Dynasty, and Sui-Tang rhyme books record both. Both readings are reflected in Sino-xenic readings in non-Sinitic languages, although the diphthong readings dominate in compounds. Axel Schüssler postulates that all pronunciations can eventually be traced back to liquid initials, i.e. 1,2) **la:ts, 3) **hla:ts.
The three pronunciations are cognate. Within Chinese, they are cognate with ? (OC *t?a:ds, "too, excessively"), ? (OC *t?a:ds, "big"), ? (OC *l'a:n?, "big, magniloquent, ridiculous"). There are no unambiguous Tibeto-Burman cognates. Proto-Tibeto-Burman *taj ("big"), from which came Written Tibetan (mthe bo, "thumb"), Nung t ("big, large, great"), Mikir t?è, ket?è ("id."), Burmese (tai, "very"), is often compared with. There is no final -s in the Tibeto-Burman words, but a -y, which, according to James Matisoff, "indicates emergent quality in stative verbs". Also compare Chinese ? (OC *?l'a:l, "many, much"), ? (OC *ta:, "all").
- of great size; big; large; huge
- Antonyms: ? (xi?o)
- Zhè ge tài dà le!
- This is too big
- big; great
- ??????? [MSC, trad.]
- ??????? [MSC, simp.]
- Zh?ng M?i gu?nxì y? y?u h?n dà g?ishàn. [Pinyin]
- Relations between China and America have improved greatly.
- great of its kind
- Zuóti?n xià dày?.
- There was heavy
- in a extreme manner; greatly (with a monosyllabled verb)
- dà k?
- to cry violently
- to be greatly
- main; major
- ?????? [MSC, trad.]
- ?????? [MSC, simp.]
- T?men ji?ng ch? y?zhí k?i dào dà ménk?u. [Pinyin]
- They drove right up to the main gate.
- ????? [MSC, trad.]
- ????? [MSC, simp.]
- T? shì y?ji? shíyóu g?ngs? de dà g?d?ng. [Pinyin]
- He is a major stockholder in an oil company.
- well-known; successful (only applied to some occupations)
- dà sh?f?ji?
- a well-known
- mature; grown up
- => ?
- 45th tetragram of the Taixuanjing
- (dialectal) father
- (dialectal) father's elder or younger brother
- (Cantonese) small
- (Cantonese, slang) to intimidate; to threaten
- Nei5daai6 ngo5 aa4? [Jyutping]
- Are you trying to intimidate
- (Cantonese, euphemistic) number two
- Short for / (dàxué, "university"). Used only in the abbreviation of the name.
- B?i Dà
- Peking University
- Only used in (dàifu, "doctor").
- Only used in (Dàchéng, "Daicheng, Hebei").
- Only used in (dàwáng, "(in operas, old novels) king; ringleader").
|For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("too; so at the end of the sentence for emphasis}}; etc.").
(This character, ?, is an ancient form of ?.)
- Japanese: ? (dai); ? (tai)
- Korean: ? (?, dae)
- Vietnamese: i (?)
(grade 1 "Ky?iku" kanji)
- Goon: ? (da); (dai, J?y?)
- Kan'on: ? (ta); (tai, J?y?)
- Kun: (?, ?, J?y?) (ofo, historical); ? (?kii, , J?y?); ? (?ini, , J?y?)? (ofoini, historical)
- Nanori: (ufu); ? (o); ? (ta); (takashi); (tomo); (hajime); (hiro); (hiroshi); (futoshi); (masa); (masaru); (moto); (yutaka); ? (wa)
- ?? (tegu): Japanese name for Daegu, Korea
- ?? (?ban): big size
- ??? (?d?gu): stage settings
- ??? (?genka): big fight
- (?ijishin): huge earth quake
- ??? (?kaji): big fire
- ??? (?s?d?): huge mess
- ??? (?s?ji): through clean-ups
- (taian): lucky day
- ?? (taii): schema
- (daiinshin): labia majora
- (daikazoku): extended family
- (?kawa): river
- ? (taigash?setsu): saga novel
- (taika): large fire
- (taikai): convention; rally
- (taikai): ocean
- (o?mi): ocean; fabric pattern
- (daigaku): university
- (daikan): midwinter
- (taikan): broad overview
- (?zeki): second highest sumo rank
- (taiki): atmosphere
- (daikibo): large-scale
- (taigi): state ceremony
- (taigi): justice
- (taigyaku): high treason
- (taikyo): in force
- (taikyo): Taikyo
- (?waza): great feat
- (taikyoku): general situation
- (?kimi): emperor; king
- (taigun): large herd; large flock; large crowd
- (taigun): large army
- (taikei): compendium
- (?ana): large hole, deficit
- ? (taigens?go): boasting; bragging
- (?guchi): large amount; big mouth; big talk
- (daiku): carpenter
- (taik?): fundamental principals; general outline
- (daikokuten): god of wealth
- (daikon): daikon
- (taisa): colonel; navy captain
- (?saka): Osaka
- (taisa): great difference
- (daizai): serious crime
- (taishi): ambassador
- (taishi): ambition
- (daiji): important; serious
- (?aza): larger section of a village
- (taiju): huge tree
- (taish?): general public
- (taisho): midsummer's day
- (taish?): general; admiral
- (daish?): various sizes; large and small; a pair of swords worn together
- (daij?bu): all right; okay; safe
- (taishoku): gluttony
- (daijin): cabinet minister
- (otona): adult
- (taiseiy?): Atlantic Ocean
- (taisetsu): important; valuable
- (taisen): great battle; great war
- ? (daizenteisen): Bartholin's gland
- (daitan): bold; daring
- (?shio): spring or flood tide
- (daid?myaku): aorta
- ? (daid?sh?i): with only minor differences
- (dain?): brain
- (?haba): full-width; drastic
- (daimy?): feudal lord
- ?? (?y?): large-hearted; generous
- (taiy?): ocean
- (dairiseki): marble
- (tairiku): continent
- (tairy?): a large amount
- (Yamato): Yamato
- (dait?ry?):, president
? (hiragana , r?maji dai-)
- big, large
- tremendous crisis
- dai-hitto suru
- to become a smash hit
- the large part of
- (religion) arch-
This is often the first half two-character shorthand name of universities, for example (Tokyo University, "T?dai")
? (hiragana , r?maji ?-, historical hiragana )
- big; great
- ?-baka na
- extremely foolish
? o (dae, tae)
- Sound (hangeul): ?, ?
- Name (hangeul):
- (, bangdae)
- (, daeeumsun, "labia majora")
- ? (?, jeoksoseongdae)
- ? (?, jeon-gwondaesa)