Get %E5%A4%A7 essential facts below. View Videos or join the %E5%A4%A7 discussion. Add %E5%A4%A7 to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
See also: ?, ?, ?, ?, and ?


Stroke order
3 strokes
Stroke order

Han character

? (radical 37, ?+0, 3 strokes, cangjie input ? (K), four-corner 40030 or 40800, composition ???)

  1. Kangxi radical #37, ?.

Derived characters


Wikidata has structured data related to:


  • KangXi: page 248, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5831
  • Dae Jaweon: page 492, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 520, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5927


simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has an article on:
o ?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Shizhoupian script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-bronze-shang.svg ?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-bronze-warring.svg ?-silk.svg ?-slip.svg ?-zhou.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series (?) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
? *da:l, *da:ds
? *da:ds, *da:ds
? *t?a:ds, *da:ds, *djads
? *t?a:ds
? *t?a:ds
? *da:ds, *t?a:d
? *da:ds, *de:ds
? *da:ds, *de:ds
? *t?e:ds
? *de:ds

Ideogram (): a person ? with arms stretched out as far as possible, implying the meaning of big/great/large.

Compare with ?, which is a man with bent legs.

Compare also ?, which is a man with arms outstretched and a crest or tattoo on his chest, and to ?, which is a man with arms outstretched and leaning to side (running).


Three pronunciations can be found in Modern Standard Chinese:

  1. Modern , from Middle Chinese d?H, from Old Chinese *l?a:ts. The phonological development from Old Chinese to Middle Chinese is irregular. Original sense: "big" (Shijing). Derived senses: "size" (Mozi), "thick" (Zhuangzi), "to respect" (Mengzi), "to respect" (Xunzi), "to extol" (Gongyang Zhuan), "to exaggerate" (Classic of Rites), "arrogant" (Guoyu), "good" (I Ching), "(of time) long" (Erya), "senior" (Shijing).
  2. Modern dài, from Middle Chinese d?iH, from Old Chinese *l?a:ts. This Middle Chinese pronunciation-preserving (i.e. literary) pronunciation occurs only in compounds such as (dàifu, "doctor") and (dàiwang, "(in operas, old novels) king; ringleader").
  3. Modern tài, from Middle Chinese tiH, from Old Chinese *la:ts. This is the ancient form of ? (tài, "too, excessively") and this orthographical usage is obsolete in modern languages.

Pronunciation 2), the diphthong reading, is traditionally regarded as the correct one. However, the monophthong reading 1) has been recorded as early as Han Dynasty, and Sui-Tang rhyme books record both. Both readings are reflected in Sino-xenic readings in non-Sinitic languages, although the diphthong readings dominate in compounds. Axel Schüssler postulates that all pronunciations can eventually be traced back to liquid initials, i.e. 1,2) **la:ts, 3) **hla:ts.

The three pronunciations are cognate. Within Chinese, they are cognate with ? (OC *t?a:ds, "too, excessively"), ? (OC *t?a:ds, "big"), ? (OC *l'a:n?, "big, magniloquent, ridiculous"). There are no unambiguous Tibeto-Burman cognates. Proto-Tibeto-Burman *taj ("big"), from which came Written Tibetan (mthe bo, "thumb"), Nung t ("big, large, great"), Mikir t?è, ket?è ("id."), Burmese (tai, "very"), is often compared with. There is no final -s in the Tibeto-Burman words, but a -y, which, according to James Matisoff, "indicates emergent quality in stative verbs". Also compare Chinese ? (OC *?l'a:l, "many, much"), ? (OC *ta:, "all").

Pronunciation 1



  1. of great size; big; large; huge
    Antonyms: ? (xi?o)
  2. big; great
  3. great of its kind
    • ????  -  Zuóti?n xià y?.  -  There was heavy rain yesterday.
    • ???? [Cantonese]  -  hou2daai6 zam6 mei6 [Jyutping]  -  a very strong smell
  4. in a extreme manner; greatly
    • ??  -  k?  -  to cry violently
    • ? / ?  -  ch?y?j?ng  -  to be greatly shocked
    • ??  -  bù xiàngtóng  -  (please add an English translation of this example)
    • ???,??? [MSC, trad.]
      ???,??? [MSC, simp.]
      N? yùdào zhè zh?ng qíngkuàng, k?y? z?urén na. [Pinyin]
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    • ???,??????,????! [dialectal Mandarin, trad.]
      ???,??????,????! [dialectal Mandarin, simp.]
      N? k? bù zh?dào, t? zuór guòlai zh?teng le y? ch?ng. H?oji?huo, chàdi?nr méi b? zhèr ch?i lou! [Pinyin]
      (please add an English translation of this example)
  5. main; major
    • ?????? [MSC, trad.]
      ?????? [MSC, simp.]
      T?men ji?ng ch? y?zhí k?i dào ménk?u. [Pinyin]
      They drove right up to the main gate.
    • ????? [MSC, trad.]
      ????? [MSC, simp.]
      T? shì y?ji? shíyóu g?ngs? de g?d?ng. [Pinyin]
      He is a major stockholder in an oil company.
  6. well-known; successful (only applied to some occupations)
    • ? / ?  -  sh?f?ji?  -  a well-known calligrapher
  7. mature; grown up
    => ?
    • ?????  -  N? du? le?  -  How old are you?
    • ?????  -  T? b? t? .  -  She is older than him.
    • ????????? [Cantonese, trad.]
      ????????? [Cantonese, simp.]
      Nei5 zek3 gau2 hai6 gam3daai6-2 gaa3 laa3. [Jyutping]
      Your dog isn't going to grow any older.
    • ?? / ?? [Cantonese]  -  hai2 gwong2 zau1daai6 [Jyutping]  -  to grow up in Guangzhou
  8. (dialectal) father
  9. (dialectal) father's elder or younger brother
  10. (Cantonese) small
    • ?? [Cantonese]  -  gam3daai6-1 [Jyutping]  -  so puny
  11. (Cantonese, slang) to intimidate; to threaten
    • ????? [Cantonese]  -  Nei5daai6 ngo5 aa4? [Jyutping]  -  Are you trying to intimidate me?
  12. (Cantonese, euphemistic) number two
  13. Short for / (dàxué, "university"). Used only in the abbreviation of the name.
    • ??  -  B?i  -  Peking University
  14. 45th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "greatness" (?)


Pronunciation 2



  1. Used in (dàifu, "doctor").
  2. Used in (Dàichéng, "Daicheng, Hebei").
  3. Used in (dàiwáng, "(in operas, old novels) king; ringleader").


Pronunciation 3

For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("too; so; etc.").
(This character, ?, is an ancient form of ?.)


Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese: ? () (dai); ? () (tai)
  • -> Korean: ? (?, dae)
  • -> Vietnamese: i (?)




(grade 1 "Ky?iku" kanji)


  • Go-on: ? (da); (dai, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: ? (ta); (tai, J?y?)
  • Kun: (?, ?, J?y?) (ofo, historical); ? (?kii, , J?y?); ? (?ini, , J?y?)? (ofoini, historical)
  • Nanori: (ufu); ? (o); ? (ta); (takashi); (tomo); (hajime); (hiro); (hiroshi); (futoshi); (masa); (masaru); (moto); (yutaka); ? (wa)


Etymology 1

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1

From Middle Chinese ? (MC d?iH).



? (hiragana , r?maji dai-)

  1. big, large
    ? ()
    tremendous crisis
    ? ()
    dai-hitto suru
    to become a smash hit
  2. the large part of
  3. university
  4. (religion) arch-
Usage notes

This is often the first half two-character shorthand name of universities, for example (Tokyo University, "T?dai")

Derived terms

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1

/opo/ -> /ofo/ -> /owo/ -> /o:/

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *?p?.


? (hiragana , r?maji ?-, historical hiragana )

  1. big; great
    ? ()? (?)? (?)?
    ?-baka na
    extremely foolish
Derived terms
Related terms


  1. ^ 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN



? o (dae, tae)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): ?, ?
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. Large.


  • (, bangdae)
  • (, daeeumsun, "labia majora")
  • ? (?, jeoksoseongdae)
  • ? (?, jeon-gwondaesa)



? (lo4)

  1. big


Han character

?: Hán Vi?t readings: i (?(c)?(n?i)?(thi?t))[1][2][3]
?: Nôm readings: i[1][2][3][4], ?ài[1][2], dãy[3][5], d?y[3], y[3]

  1. Hán t? form of i ("big; great").



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes