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Stroke order
6 strokes
Stroke order

Han character

? (radical 32, ?+3, 6 strokes, cangjie input (KLG), four-corner 40214, composition ?????)


  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 224, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4881
  • Dae Jaweon: page 455, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 418, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5728


simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *zl?:?, *zl?:s): phonetic ? (OC *zl?:, *zl?:s) + semantic ? ("earth").

? was visually identical with ? (OC *zl?:, *zl?:s, "sprout") in the oracle bone script and some of the bronze inscriptions. It may be either a phonetic loan or a figurative derivative.


Probably related to ? (OC *?sl?:, "to plant") (Schuessler, 2007).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.




  1. (located) in, at
    • ???? / ????  -  W? zhù zài Zh?ngguó.  -  I live in China.
    • ??????? [MSC, trad.]
      ??????? [MSC, simp.]
      W?men zài d?ngdì bàozh? shàng d?ng le y? zé gu?nggào. [Pinyin]
      We put an ad in the local paper.
    • ??? [MSC, trad.]
      ??? [MSC, simp.]
      M?iti?n xiàw? t? zài ji?l? g?ngzuò. [Pinyin]
      Every afternoons he works at home.
  2. to exist, to be (located)
    • ??? / ???  -  T? zài n?l  -  Where is he?
    • ???? [MSC, trad.]
      ???? [MSC, simp.]
      L?gu?n zài x?n gòuwùzh?ngx?n fùjìn. [Pinyin]
      The hotel is located near the new shopping center.
  3. be ...-ing, in the middle of doing something (indicating an action in progress)
    • ???? / ????  -  W? zài kàn diànshì.  -  I'm watching TV.
    • ???? / ????  -  T? zài ch? m?fàn.  -  He's eating rice.
    • ??? / ??? [Teochew]  -  Ua2do6 ziah8 beng7. [Peng'im]  -  I am eating.
  4. during; in
    • ????? [MSC, trad.]
      ????? [MSC, simp.]
      N? d?suàn zài jiàq? l? zuò shénme? [Pinyin]
      What do you plan to do during the holidays?
    • ?????? [MSC, trad.]
      ?????? [MSC, simp.]
      T? de rìjì zài t? sh?ngqián wèicéng f?bi?o guò. [Pinyin]
      His diary was not published during his lifetime.






(grade 5 "Ky?iku" kanji)


  • Go-on: (zai, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: (sai)
  • Kun: (aru, , J?y?); (ari, ?); (masu, )



? (hiragana , r?maji zai)

  1. Clipping of (zaig?): countryside or outskirts


? (hiragana , r?maji zai-)

  1. residing in



? o (jae) (hangeul ?)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.


Han character

? (t?i)

  1. in



  1. in

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