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See also: ?
gw u570b.svg
U+570B, 國
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-570B

Translingual

Stroke order
11 strokes
Stroke order
?-order.gif
Stroke order
(Taiwan)
?-torder.gif

Alternative forms

  • ? (This character is used unofficially as a shorthand for ? and ?.)
  • ? (Also a variant of ?.)
  • ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?

Han character

? (radical 31, ?+8, 11 strokes, cangjie input ? (WIRM), four-corner 60153, composition ???)

Derived characters

Related characters

References

  • KangXi: page 219, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4798
  • Dae Jaweon: page 447, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 720, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+570B

Chinese

trad. ?
simp. ?
alternative forms

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-bronze.svg ?-silk.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *k:?): semantic ? ("closure") + phonetic ? (OC *:?).

Etymology

The k-prefix derivation of ? (OC *r, "boundary; territory"). Cognate with ? (OC *qr, "threshold") and ? (OC *s, *, "park; garden").

No obvious outside cognate exists. It may be related to Burmese ? (kwak, "to be marked with a square or circular pattern; to be confined to a certain area") (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. country; nation; nation-state; kingdom (Classifier: ?/?)
    ?? / ??  -  guóji?  -  country
  2. +capital
  3. + to make a place the capital city; to establish a capital
  4. Short for / (guóy?, "Mandarin").
  5. Short for / (Guómínd?ng, "Kuomintang").
  6. Short for / (guónèi, "domestic").
    ??? / ???  -  guóch?n, rìch?n  -  made domestically; made in Japan
  7. A surname​.

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese:?() (koku)
  • -> Korean:? (?, guk)
  • -> Vietnamese: qu?c (?)

Others:

References


Japanese

Kanji

?

("Jinmeiy?" kanji used for namesky?jitai kanji, shinjitai form ?)

  1. country, nation, nation-state

Readings

  • On (unclassified): (koku)
  • Kun: (kuni, ?)

Noun

?() o (kuni (ky?jitai, shinjitai ?)

  1. a land, a country

Korean

A variant of "?" commonly found in old books of pre-modern Korea.

Hanja

? (eumhun ? (nara guk))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("country; state; nation; land").

Compounds

  • (, gonghwaguk)
  • (, gukga)
  • (, gukga)
  • (, gukgi)
  • (, gugeo)
  • (, gugwang)
  • (, gukje)
  • (, miguk)
  • (, yeongguk)
  • (, wangguk)
  • (, jeguk)
  • (, joguk)
  • (, jungguk)
  • ? (?, junghwamin-guk)
  • (, taeguk)
  • (, han-guk)

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Vi?t readings: qu?c[1][2][3]
?: Nôm readings: cu?c[1][3][4], qu?c[2][5]

  1. Hán t? form of qu?c ("nation; state; country").

Compounds

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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