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See also: ? and ?

Translingual

Stroke order (Mainland China)
8 strokes
Stroke order
(Mainland China)
?-order.gif
Stroke order
(Japan)
?-jorder.gif

Han character

? (radical 31, ?+5, 8 strokes, cangjie input ? (WMGI), four-corner 60103, composition ???)

Derived characters

  • ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?
  • ? (Exception: Only for mainland China character. Taiwan character contains ? with ? instead)

Related characters

References

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 218, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4752
  • Dae Jaweon: page 446, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 716, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+56FD

Chinese

Glyph origin

Simplified from ? (? -> ?). Also compare ?, an unorthodox variant of ? that contains ? ("king") instead of ? ("jade").

Definitions

For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("country; nation; nation-state; kingdom; capital; etc.").
(This character, ?, is the simplified and variant form of ?.)
Notes:

Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 2 "Ky?iku" kanjishinjitai kanji, ky?jitai form ?)

Readings

  • Go-on: (koku, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: (koku, J?y?)
  • Kun: (kuni, ?, J?y?)
  • Nanori: (kuna); ? (ko); (k?)

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Found in the Nihon Shoki completed in 720, and in the Man'y?sh? completed some time after 759.[1] Perhaps related to Middle Chinese ? (MC unH, "geographic region: commandery, prefecture").

Pronunciation

Alternative forms

Noun

? (shinjitai kanji, ky?jitai kanji ?, hiragana , r?maji kuni)

  1. a land, a large place
  2. a country in general, a region
  3. a country as in a nation, a state
    • 1998 November 30 [Nov 25 1990], Fujiko F. Fujio, ?? [Nobita and the Animal Planet] (; 10), volume 10 (fiction), 22nd edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, ->ISBN, page 27:
      ? ()?? (?)? (?)!?
      N? n?, ima no chizu mita!?
      Hey look, isn't that a map!?
      !? ()?
      Mita! Ittai koko wa nan to iu kuni dar?.
      It is! And what country is this anyway?
      ?
      Kuni? Kuni tte n?ni.
      Country? What's a country?
      ? ()? ()?
      Amerika toka Ch?goku toka iroiro aru ja nai.
      There are countries like America and China, aren't there?
      ?? ()? ()...?
      Bokura wa Nippon kara kitan dakedo....
      We're from Japan, by the way....
      ?
      Nippon? Kiita koto nai.
      Japan? I've never heard of that before.
  4. the office of emperor, the crown; affairs of state
  5. a province of ancient Japan
  6. the national government in ancient Japan; the national capital in ancient Japan
  7. one's birthplace
Synonyms

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (MC kw?k?, "country, nation").

Pronunciation

Noun

? (shinjitai kanji, ky?jitai kanji ?, hiragana , r?maji koku)

  1. a land, a large place
  2. a country in general, a region
  3. a country as in a nation, a state
Usage notes

Most often found in compounds.

References

  1. ^ 1988, () (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), T?ky?: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? (eum ? (guk))

  1. Alternative form of ? ("Hanja form? of ? ("country; state; nation; land").")

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Vi?t readings: qu?c[1][2]
?: Nôm readings: qu?c[1]

  1. Alternative form of ? ("Hán t? form of qu?c ("(only in compounds) nation; state; country").")

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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