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See also: ?

Translingual

Stroke order
?-order.gif

Han character

? (radical 31, ?+5, 8 strokes, cangjie input (WJR), four-corner 60604, composition ???)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 218, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4745
  • Dae Jaweon: page 445, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 716, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+56FA

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-bronze.svg ?-silk.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *ka:s): semantic ? + phonetic ? (OC *ka:?).

Etymology

STEDT compares it to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-ka ("earth; ground; soil").

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. firm
  2. solid
  3. to become solid; solidify
  4. strength
  5. firmly
  6. in the first place
  7. no doubt

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese:? (?) (ko)
  • -> Korean:? (?, go)
  • -> Vietnamese: c? (?)

Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 4 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings

  • Go-on: ? (ku)
  • Kan-on: ? (ko, J?y?)
  • Kun: ? (katameru, , J?y?); (katame); ? (katamaru, , J?y?); (katai, , J?y?)

Compounds


Korean

Hanja

? o (go) (hangeul ?, revised go, McCune–Reischauer ko)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

? (c?, , cuá)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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