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U+53C9, 叉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53C9

Translingual

Han character

? (radical 29, ?+1, 3 strokes, cangjie input (EI) or X (XEI), four-corner 17400, composition ???)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 165, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3116
  • Dae Jaweon: page 374, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 390, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+53C9

Chinese

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (): ? + ?.

Etymology 1

simp. and trad.
?
alternative forms ?

Pronunciation 1

Definitions

?

  1. fork (pronged tool, including the eating utensil)
  2. to use a fork; to pick up with a fork
  3. (Wu) to pick up food with chopsticks
  4. to cross; to intersect
  5. cross
    ????? / ?????  -  Cuò de dá'àn d? ch?.  -  Put a cross for the wrong answer.
  6. replacement for "x" (clarification of this definition is needed)
    ??  -  sh? ch?  -  (please add an English translation of this example)
  7. (chiefly Cantonese, euphemistic) A generic intensifier which can be substituted for any profane intensifier.
    ??? [Cantonese]  -  mou5caa1 jung6 [Jyutping]  -  bleeping useless
  8. (Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Taiwanese Hokkien) to pinch
  9. (Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Taiwanese Hokkien) to speak rudely
  10. (Wu) to play (mahjong)
  11. (Xiang, of ducks and geese) to eat
Synonyms

Pronunciation 2

Definitions

?

  1. (Northeastern Mandarin) to block up; to jam

Pronunciation 3

Definitions

?

  1. to spread; to open; to fork; to separate
  2. (Wu) to push something away; to move something away

Pronunciation 4

Definitions

?

  1. Alternative form of ? (chà, "fork of a branch").
  2. Alternative form of ? (chà, "diverge, branch off; fork in the road").

Compounds

  • ?/? (s?nch? shénj?ng)
  • (ji?och?)
  • (ji?och?k?u)
  • ? (ji?och? g?nr?n)
  • /
  • / (ji?och?di?n)
  • (d?och?)
  • (p?chà)
  • (ch?zi)
  • (ch?sh?u)
  • / (ch?sh?o)
  • / (ch?sh?ob?o)
  • / (ch?sh?os?)
  • ?/?
  • (ch?y?o)
  • (ch?ji?olíng)
  • /
  • / (ch?ch?)
  • /
  • /
  • ?
  • (yèch?)
  • ?
  • ?/?
  • (d?ch?)
  • /
  • (m?yèch?)
  • /
  • ?/?
  • ?
  • /
  • /
  • /
  • /
  • /
  • /
  • (y?nch?)
  • /
  • ?
  • / (yúch?)

Etymology 2

simp. and trad.
?

From English charge.

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. (Cantonese) to charge; to recharge
    ???????? [Cantonese, trad.]
    ???????? [Cantonese, simp.]
    bong1 ngo5 ling1 go3 sau2 gei1 heoi3caa1 aa1. [Jyutping]
    Take my cellphone to recharge it for me.

Compounds

  • /

Etymology 3

For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("the open seam of a garment which allows freedom of movement").
(This character, ?, is the second-round simplified form of ?.)
Notes:

Etymology 4

For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("pick up with fork or pincers").
(This character, ?, is the second-round simplified form of ?.)
Notes:

Etymology 5

For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("pitchfork; fork of a tree; etc.").
(This character, ?, is the second-round simplified form of ?.)
Notes:

Etymology 6

For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("a branching stream").
(This character, ?, is the second-round simplified form of ?.)
Notes:

References


Japanese

Kanji

?

("Jinmeiy?" kanji used for names)

  1. fork

Readings

  • Go-on: (sha)
  • Kan-on: ? (sa)
  • Kun: (mata, ?)

Compounds


Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? (gallae cha))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("to cross; to intersect").

Compounds


Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Nôm readings: xoa

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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