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See also: ? and ?

Translingual

Stroke order
4 strokes
Stroke order
?-order.gif

Han character

? (radical 24, ?+2, 4 strokes, cangjie input (OJ) or X (XOJ), four-corner 80400, composition ??? or ???)

References

  • KangXi: page 156, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2703
  • Dae Jaweon: page 354, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 406, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5348

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Pictogram () - in the form of a pestle (? (ch?)).

Etymology 1

Norman (1985) proposed connection with Austroasiatic; Ferlus (2013) noted a "[g]ood correspondence" between Proto-Vietic *m-:? (whence Vietnamese ng?a) and Old Chinese reconstructions like *m-qa? (Baxter-Sagart) and *?s.?a? (Ferlus).

Alternatively, Smith (2011) proposed ? (OC ?aa?)'s cognacy with ? (OC *?aas) "to meet head on" and ? (OC *?raas) "to meet in (battle)" and suggested that "the moon at its full phase opposes the sun directly in the sky, meaning *?aa? ? is probably to be glossed, given *-? , 'facing stage'". Schuessler (2007) regarded ? (OC ?âh) "to go against" as a mere graphic variant of ? and thus deemed the sense "to go against" distinct from the "earthly branch" sense.

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. the seventh of twelve earthly branches:
    1. (historical or astrology) the seventh year of the Jovian orbital cycle
    2. (archaic) the fifth month of the Chinese traditional calendar
    3. (historical or archaic) the "Chinese" or "double hour" from 11 am to 1 pm
    4. noon (precisely)
Coordinate terms
  • (earthly branches) ; ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?
Hypernyms
  • (as an earthly branch): (dìzh?)
  • (as precisely noon): / (xi?oshí), / (shíhou)

Compounds

  • (shàngw?)
  • (xiàw?)
  • (xiàw?chá)
  • (zh?ngw?)
  • (tíngw?)
  • ?
  • (b?ngw?)
  • (W?j?ng)
  • (w?qián)
  • (w?yè)
  • ?
  • (w?yàn)
  • / (w?hòu)
  • (W?rì)
  • / (w?shí)
  • (w?pái)
  • (w?shuì)
  • / (w?jiào)
  • /
  • / (w?mén)
  • / (w?ji?n)
  • / (w?fàn)
  • (w?c?n)
  • ?
  • ?
  • / (z?w?xiàn)
  • /
  • ?
  • (sh?ngwu)
  • (zhèngw?)
  • ?/?
  • ?/? (Ji?w? Zhànzh?ng)
  • /
  • ?/?
  • (Du?nw?)
  • / (Du?nw?jié)
  • ?/?
  • ?/?
  • (X?w?)
  • /
  • ?/?
  • /

Etymology 2

For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("dance; to dance; etc.").
(This character, ?, is the second-round simplified form of ?.)
Notes:

Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 2 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. noon

Readings

  • Go-on: ? (go, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: ? (go, J?y?)
  • Kun: (uma, ?)

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
kun'yomi
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

From ? (uma, "horse")

Pronunciation

Proper noun

?() o (Uma)

  1. the Horse, the seventh of the twelve Earthly Branches

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (nguX)

Proper noun

?(?) o (Go)

  1. the Horse, the seventh of the twelve Earthly Branches

Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? ? (nat o))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Nôm readings: ng?, ng?, ngõ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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