%E5%89%8D
Get %E5%89%8D essential facts below. View Videos or join the %E5%89%8D discussion. Add %E5%89%8D to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
%E5%89%8D

Translingual

Stroke order
9 strokes

Han character

? (radical 18, ?+7, 9 strokes, cangjie input ? (TBLN), four-corner 80221, composition ???)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 140, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2011
  • Dae Jaweon: page 318, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 248, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+524D

Chinese

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-bronze.svg ?-silk.svg ?-slip.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Originally ?, an ideogrammic compound (): ? ("foot") + ? ("boat") - a foot on a boat moving forward. Alternatively, ? represents a shoe (cf. Shuowen ?: ?) -- a foot with a shoe on to walk forward. In the current form, ? is simplified to ? and ? to ?. The current form with an additional ? ("knife") is the original form of ? (OC *?slen?, "to cut").

Etymology 1

simp. and trad.
?
variant forms ?
?

Etymology not clear (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

Quote-alpha.png This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!
  1. front; forepart
    Antonyms: ?/? (hòu)
    ??  -  qiánf?ng  -  front
    ?? / ??  -  qiánmén  -  front door
  2. ago
    ??  -  y?qián  -  previously; ago
    ???  -  w? ti?n qián  -  five days ago
  3. past; previous; former
    ??  -  qiánrèn  -  predecessor
    ? / ?  -  qiáng?ngjìnqì  -  all the previous effort is wasted
  4. top
    ???  -  qián s?n míng  -  top three
  5. future; time ahead
    ??  -  qiánchéng  -  future; prospects
  6. to move forward
    ?  -  y?ngw?ngzhíqián  -  to advance bravely
  7. A surname​.

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese:? () (zen)
  • -> Korean:? (?, jeon)
  • -> Vietnamese: ti?n (?)

Etymology 2

For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("to cut").
(This character, ?, is an ancient form of ?.)

Further reading


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 2 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. in front
  2. before

Readings

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese as a compound of ? (ma, "eye") +‎ ? (pe, "direction, -wards").[1][2]

/mape/ -> /ma?e/ -> /mawe/ -> /maje/ -> /mae/

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji mae, historical hiragana )

  1. the front
    ? ()?? ()?
    mae e susumu
    to advance forwards
    (literally, "to advance towards the front")
    Antonym: (ushiro)
  2. the past
    ? ()? (?) [...]
    mae kara ki ni natteta n da kedo [...]
    I've been thinking about it for a while, but [...]
    ? ()?? ()
    zutto mae kara s? omotteta
    I've thought that for ages
    (literally, "I've been thinking that way since forever ago")
    ? ()? (?)???
    mae ni mo itta y? ni
    as I've said before
    (literally, "just as I have said in the past")
    Antonym: ? (ato)
  3. previous
    ? ()?? (?)? (?)
    mae no kiji
    previous entries
    Antonym: ? (tsugi)

Suffix

? (hiragana , r?maji -mae)

  1. a portion, an amount
    ? ()? ()? ()?? (?)? ()
    rokunin-mae no go-zen
    a banquet for six people

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

See the etymology of the main entry.

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji saki)

  1. Alternative spelling of ?

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (dzen). Compare modern Mandarin ? (qián).

Pronunciation

Counter

? (hiragana , r?maji -zen)

  1. counter for irregularly shaped objects such as desks, armrests, and serving trays
  2. counter for kami and shrines

Prefix

? (hiragana , r?maji zen-)

  1. the last, the previous
  2. pre- (of an era)

Etymology 4

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 2
kan'y?on

Contraction of ? (?)? (?) (goze), itself a contraction of ? (?)? () (go-zen), an honorific form of address.[1][2]

Pronunciation

Suffix

? (hiragana ?, r?maji -ze)

  1. (rare) an honorific suffix added to a noun denoting a person
    ? ()? (?)
    ama-ze
    (honorable) nun

References

  1. ? 1.01.1 1988, () (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), T?ky?: Shogakukan
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  3. ? 3.03.1 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, ? (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? o (jeon) (hangeul ?, revised jeon, McCune–Reischauer ch?n)

  1. front (direction)
  2. before

Vietnamese

Han character

? (ti?n, tèn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

%E5%89%8D
 



 



 
Music Scenes