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See also: ?

Translingual

Stroke order
?-order.gif
Stroke order
4 strokes

Han character

? (radical 18, ?+2, 4 strokes, cangjie input (CSH), four-corner 80227, composition ???)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 136, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1853
  • Dae Jaweon: page 304, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 321, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5206

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-silk.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (): ? ("to separate") + ? ("knife") - to separate with a knife.

Pronunciation 1

Definitions

?

  1. to divide; to separate
    • ????? [MSC, trad.]
      ????? [MSC, simp.]
      Zhè xiàng g?ngzuò f?n li?ng ji?duàn jìnxíng. [Pinyin]
      This exercise is divided into two stages.
  2. to distribute; to allocate; to assign; to allot
    • ???????? [MSC, trad.]
      ???????? [MSC, simp.]
      T? hé érz? f?n ch? le y? zh?ng b?sàb?ng. [Pinyin]
      He shared a pizza with his son.
    • ????? [MSC, trad. and simp.]
      T? hé w? y?q? f?n pínggu?. [Pinyin]
      He divided the apples with me.
    • ?????? [MSC, trad.]
      ?????? [MSC, simp.]
      T?men f?n dào le y? zhuàng zhùfáng. [Pinyin]
      They were allotted a house to live in.
  3. to distinguish; to differentiate; to tell apart
    • ??????????? [MSC, trad.]
      ??????????? [MSC, simp.]
      W? f?n bù q?ng t?men. T?men cháng dé tài xiàng le. [Pinyin]
      I cannot tell them apart. They are very much alike.
    • ????,?????????? [MSC, trad.]
      ????,?????????? [MSC, simp.]
      T? shì y? ge nuòf?, y? ge f?n bù q?ng mánlì hé dàzhàngf? qìgài de shìqiánglíngruò zh?. [Pinyin]
      He's a coward and a bully who confuses physical strength with manhood.
  4. Short for (f?nsh?u, "to break up").
  5. (Hakka, Teochew) to give
  6. (Hakka, Teochew) by
  7. minute (unit of time)
    ?? / ??  -  f?nzh?ng  -  minute
    • ?7?45?? / ?7?45??  -  Xiànzài shì 7 di?n 45 f?n.  -  It's quarter to eight now.
  8. minute (unit of angle, 1/60 of a degree)
  9. fraction; proportion
    • (f?n zh?, "used to indicate a fraction")
  10. (sports, games) point; mark
    • ????? / ?????  -  B?ntí zhàn w?shí f?n.  -  This question counts for 50 points.
    • ?????  -  W? dé le du?sh?o f?n?  -  What's my score?
  11. one tenth
  12. deci- (SI unit prefix)
  13. (numismatics) 0.01 yuan (or dollar, etc.); cent
  14. one tenth of a ? (a unit of length)
    1. (Hong Kong) fan, legally defined as 0.00371475 metres
    2. (Mainland China) Short for , equivalent to 0.33 cm
  15. one tenth of a ? (a unit of area)
  16. a candareen (a unit of weight), one tenth of a ?/? (qián, "mace"), and equal to ten ? (, "cash")
  17. (historical) an ancient small unit of time
Synonyms
See also
  • (unit of length): ? (zhàng), ? (ch?), ? (cùn)
SI prefix
Last Next
n/a ? ?

Compounds

Descendants

  • -> Lao: (pan, "divide, distribute")
  • -> Thai: (bpan, "divide, distribute")

Pronunciation 2

Definitions

?

  1. part; share; portion
  2. ingredient; component
  3. duty; responsibility
  4. status; standing
  5. lot; fate; destiny
  6. mutual affection
  7. Alternative form of ? (fèn, "classifier").
Usage notes

Many of the senses are now written with the specialised character ? (fèn).

Compounds

Further reading


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 2 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Readings

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
on'yomi

/pun/ -> /fun/

From Middle Chinese ? (MC p?un, "a minute").

Pronunciation

Counter

? (hiragana , r?maji -fun)

  1. minutes (duration)

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji fun)

  1. a minute (unit of time)
  2. a minute (unit of angle)
Usage notes

When preceded by a number, the reading changes depending on the phonetic context.

Japanese number-counter combinations for ? () (fun)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 What time?
? ()? () (ippun) ? (?)? () (nifun) ? ()? () (sanpun)
? ()? () (sanfun)
? ()? () (yonpun)
? ()? () (yonfun)
? (?)? () (gofun) ? ()? () (roppun) ? ()? () (nanafun)
? ()? () (shichifun)
? ()? () (happun)
? ()? () (hachifun)
? ()? () (ky?fun) ? ()? () (juppun)
? ()? () (jippun)
? ()? () (nanpun)
? ()? () (nanfun)

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (MC b?unH, "a minute").

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji bun)

  1. a part, a share, a portion
    ? ()?? ()
    Kono k?ki wa kimi no bun da yo.
    This piece of cake is your portion.

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 2
on'yomi

/bun/ -> /bu/

Shift from bun above, with influence on the meaning from the Middle Chinese sense tied to original Middle Chinese reading /p?un/.

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana ?, r?maji bu)

  1. an obsolete unit of currency equal to four ? () (ry?) and to ten ? () (rin)

References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? (nanul bun))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds

  • (, bunja)

Vietnamese

Han character

? (phân, ph?n, ph?n)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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