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See also: ? and ?

Translingual

Stroke order (Japan)
0 strokes

Etymology

Japanese simplification of ?, via a simplified character similar to ?.[1]

Han character

? (radical 13, ?+2, 4 strokes, cangjie input (BY) or (BLM), composition ???)

References

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 128, character 35
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1513
  • Dae Jaweon: page 289, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 96, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+5186
  1. ^ Toshinobu Sakaida, ?(?)?

Chinese

Etymology 1

For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("circle; circular; round; etc.").
(This character, ?, is a variant form of ?.)

Etymology 2

simp. and trad.
?

Japanese simplification of ?/? (yuán).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. yen (unit of Japanese currency)

Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 1 "Ky?iku" kanjishinjitai kanji, ky?jitai form ?)

  1. circle
  2. yen

Readings

  • Go-on: (en, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: (en, J?y?)
  • Kun: (maru); (marui, , J?y?); (madoka, ); (mado); ? (maroyaka, )
  • Nanori: (tsubura); (nobu); (madoka); (mitsu)

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
on'yomi
Wikipedia-logo.png
 ? on Japanese Wikipedia
Wikipedia-logo.png
 ? () on Japanese Wikipedia
Wikipedia-logo.png
 ? () on Japanese Wikipedia

/wen/ -> /e?/

From Middle Chinese ? (MC ziu?n, iu?n), with the original sense of "circle, roundness".

The yen sense came much later in the Meiji period, a borrowing Mandarin ? (yuán), itself from (yínyuán, "round silver object(s), especially a piece of eight"). Compare Chinese ? (yuán, "yuan") and Korean ? (won, "Korean won").

The yen became the official currency of Japan in 1871, succeeding the ? (ry?) and the ? (mon).

Pronunciation

Noun

? (shinjitai kanji, ky?jitai kanji ?, hiragana , r?maji en, historical hiragana )

  1. a round or circular object; a circle; roundness
  2. (mathematics) circle (set of all points in plane at a given distance and at a given point)
    Synonym: (ensh?)
  3. yen
    one yen is equal to 100 ? (sen)
    Synonym: (enka)
    • 1989 November 10 [May 25 1988], Fujiko F. Fujio, "? [Miniature-Generating Camera]", in ? [A Debate over Conquering Earth] (F? SF; 3), volume 3 (fiction), 2nd edition, Tokyo: Chuokoronsha, ->ISBN, , page 322:
      ? ()? ()? ()!?? ()?
      Ichioku-en!? Iran kaere
      100 million yen!? Get outta here!
      ? ()? ()? ()? () ? ()? ()? ()!? ()? ()? ()!? ()? ()? ()!
      Issenman-en de ii Hyakuman-en! J?man-en! Ichiman-en!
      Okay, 10 million yen then. 1 million! 100,000! 10,000!
Derived terms
Descendants
  • -> Chinese: ?
  • -> English: yen
  • -> French: yen
  • -> German: Yen
  • -> Korean: ? (en)
  • -> Portuguese: iene
  • -> Russian: ? (ijena)
See also

Affix

? (shinjitai kanji, ky?jitai kanji ?, hiragana , r?maji en, historical hiragana )

  1. circular; round
  2. smooth; harmonious
  3. yen: the official currency of Japan
Derived terms

Proper noun

? (shinjitai kanji, ky?jitai kanji ?, hiragana , r?maji En, historical hiragana )

  1. A surname​.
  2. a female given name

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

?maro2? -> /maro/

From Old Japanese.

Noun

? (shinjitai kanji, ky?jitai kanji ?, hiragana , r?maji maro)

  1. (archaic) Alternative spelling of ? ("roundness, plumpness")
Derived terms

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

/maro/ -> /maru/

Sound shift from maro above.

Pronunciation

Noun

? (shinjitai kanji, ky?jitai kanji ?, hiragana , r?maji maru)

  1. Alternative spelling of ? ("circle")
Derived terms

Prefix

? (shinjitai kanji, ky?jitai kanji ?, hiragana , r?maji maru-)

  1. Alternative spelling of ?: prefix to numbers remaining constant
  2. Alternative spelling of ?: prefix to noun to mean an object is completely in that noun

Proper noun

? (shinjitai kanji, ky?jitai kanji ?, hiragana , r?maji Maru)

  1. A surname​.
  2. a unisex given name

Etymology 4

Various nanori readings.

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji Nodoka, alternative reading , r?maji Tsubura, alternative reading , r?maji Madoka, alternative reading , r?maji Maroka, alternative reading , r?maji Mitsu, alternative reading , r?maji Meguru)

  1. a female given name

? (hiragana , r?maji Tsubura, alternative reading , r?maji Madoka)

  1. A surname​.

? (hiragana , r?maji Maroshi)

  1. a unisex given name

References

  1. ? 1.01.1 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja in this term
?

Hanja

? (eum ? (en))

  1. hanja for names[1][2]

Usage notes

This is the only character whose pronunciation is from modern Japanese, not from Classical Chinese.

References


Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Nôm readings: viên

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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