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See also: ?, ?, and ?
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Translingual

Stroke order
?-order.gif

Han character

? (radical 12, ?+2, 4 strokes, cangjie input (YC), four-corner 00800, composition ???)

References

  • KangXi: page 127, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1453
  • Dae Jaweon: page 280, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 241, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+516D

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?
alternative forms ?/? financial
?
The number six in Chinese number gestures

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-bronze-shang.svg ?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ACC-b19906.svg ?-silk.svg ?-slip.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg





Pictogram () - perhaps a shed. Originally using the similar-sounding word ? (OC *ra, "shed, cabin") to represent the concept "six" (Liu Xinglong). Alternatively, it may be an ancient counting symbol.

Etymology

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-(k-)ruk.

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. six
    ??  -  liù chéng  -  Six Cities (a literal translation of Altishahr, an ancient name for the region Xinjiang/East Turkestan)
  2. (printing) small text; The size of type between (xi?ow?, "little 5") and (xi?oliù, "little 6"), standardized as 7½ point.
  3. (neologism, Internet slang) awesome; excellent; remarkable
  4. A surname​.

See also

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Normal
(/)
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?/? ?/? ? (Taiwan)
/ (Mainland China)
Financial
(/)
? ? ?/? ?/? ? ? ?/? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese:? () (roku)
  • -> Korean:? (?, yuk); ? (?, ryuk)
  • -> Vietnamese: l?c (?)

Others:

  • -> Tai: *krok? ("six")
    • Southwestern Tai: *?rok ("six")
      • Lao: (hok)
      • Lü: (?ok)
      • Tai Nüa: ? (hok3)
      • Thai: (hòk)

Further reading


Japanese

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  5 6 7  > 
    Cardinal : ?

Kanji

?

(grade 1 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. six
Readings

Compounds

References

  • New Nelson: 371
  • Halpern: 1965
  • Halpern Learners: 1244
  • Heisig: 6
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2j2.2
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Etymology 1

The ablaut form of mi "three", which it doubles.

Noun

? (hiragana ?, r?maji mu)

  1. six
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Chinese ?.

Alternative forms

  • ? (used in legal documents)

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji roku)

  1. six
  2. a name of a hole of a wind instrument

Coordinate terms

Japanese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Regular ? () (rei)
? () (zero)
? () (ichi) ? (?) (ni) ? () (san) ? () (yon)
? (?) (shi)
? (?) (go) ? () (roku) ? () (nana)
? () (shichi)
? () (hachi) ? () (ky?)
? (?) (ku)
? () (j?)
Formal ? () (ichi) ? (?) (ni) ? () (san) ? () (j?)
90 100 300 600 800 1,000 3,000 8,000 10,000 100,000,000
Regular ? ()? () (ky?j?) ? () (hyaku)
? ()? () (ippyaku)
? ()? () (sanbyaku) ? ()? () (roppyaku) ? ()? () (happyaku) ? () (sen)
? ()? () (issen)
? ()? () (sanzen) ? ()? () (hassen) ? ()? () (ichiman) ? ()? () (ichioku)
Formal ? ()? () (ichiman)
1012 8×1012 1013 1016 6×1016 8×1016 1017 1018
? ()? () (itch?) ? ()? () (hatch?) ? ()? () (jutch?) ? ()? () (ikkei) ? ()? () (rokkei) ? ()? () (hakkei) ? ()? () (jukkei) ? ()? () (hyakkei)

Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? (yeoseot ryuk), South Korea ? (yeoseot yuk))

  1. six

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Vi?t readings: l?c[1][2][3], lúc (?(l?c)?(trúc)?(thi?t))[1]
?: Nôm readings: lúc[1][2][3][4], l?c[1][2][3], lóc[1], tr?c[1], l?c[3], l?t[3]

  1. Hán t? form of l?c ("six").

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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