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See also: ?, ?, and ?
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Translingual

Stroke order
?-order.gif

Han character

? (radical 12, ?+0, 2 strokes, cangjie input (HO), four-corner 80000, composition ???(GHT) or ???(JKV))

Stroke order
2 strokes

Usage notes

Minor strokes in the shape of ?/?, as in the top of ?, can be referred to ?. These are very frequently simplified to ?. Contrast ?/?, and different forms of ?/?.

Derived characters

Descendants

  • Japanese: ? (ha)

References

  • KangXi: page 126, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1450
  • Dae Jaweon: page 274, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 241, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+516B

Chinese

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ACC-b00945.svg ?-silk.svg ?-slip.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg





Ideogrammic compound () is two bent lines indicating the original meaning of "to divide". This character is later borrowed to mean "eight" because of homonymy, making the original meaning obsolete (now represented by ?).

Etymology 1

simp. and trad.
?
alternative forms ? financial

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-r-gjat ("eight"). Compare Tibetan (brgyad).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. eight
  2. many, numerous
  3. (printing) pearl; The smallest size of usual type, standardized as 5 point.
  4. Short for (b?guà).
    1. to gossip (about); to stick one's nose in
    2. (Cantonese) nosey; meddling
      ?? [Cantonese]  -  baat3 po4 [Jyutping]  -  nosey parker; meddling woman
  5. A surname​.
See also
Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Normal
(/)
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?/? ?/? ? (Taiwan)
/ (Mainland China)
Financial
(/)
? ? ?/? ?/? ? ? ?/? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese:? () (hachi)
  • -> Korean:? (?, pal)
  • -> Vietnamese: bát (?)

Others:

  • -> Tai: *pe:t? ("eight")
    • Lao: (p?t)
    • Thai: (bpt)

Etymology 2

simp. and trad.
?

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *brat ("cut apart, cut open"). Cognate to ?/? (bié).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. + to divide; to differentiate

Etymology 3

For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("to know").
(This character, ?, is a variant form of ?.)

Japanese

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : ?

Kanji

?

(grade 1 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Readings

  • Go-on: (hachi, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: (hatsu)
  • Kun: ? (ya, ?, J?y?); (yatsu, , J?y?); (yattsu, , J?y?); (y?, ?, J?y?, uncommon)
  • Nanori: ? (na); ? (ha); (wa'); (hatsu); (yachi); (yatsu)

Compounds

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

  • (file)

Numeral

? (hiragana , r?maji hachi)

  1. eight, 8

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji hachi)

  1. eight
  2. Short for ?.
  3. Short for .

Etymology 2

The ablaut form of ? (yo, "four"), which it doubles.

Noun

? (hiragana ?, r?maji ya)

  1. eight
Related terms

Coordinate terms

Japanese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Regular ? () (rei)
? () (zero)
? () (ichi) ? (?) (ni) ? () (san) ? () (yon)
? (?) (shi)
? (?) (go) ? () (roku) ? () (nana)
? () (shichi)
? () (hachi) ? () (ky?)
? (?) (ku)
? () (j?)
Formal ? () (ichi) ? (?) (ni) ? () (san) ? () (j?)
90 100 300 600 800 1,000 3,000 8,000 10,000 100,000,000
Regular ? ()? () (ky?j?) ? () (hyaku)
? ()? () (ippyaku)
? ()? () (sanbyaku) ? ()? () (roppyaku) ? ()? () (happyaku) ? () (sen)
? ()? () (issen)
? ()? () (sanzen) ? ()? () (hassen) ? ()? () (ichiman) ? ()? () (ichioku)
Formal ? ()? () (ichiman)
1012 8×1012 1013 1016 6×1016 8×1016 1017 1018
? ()? () (itch?) ? ()? () (hatch?) ? ()? () (jutch?) ? ()? () (ikkei) ? ()? () (rokkei) ? ()? () (hakkei) ? ()? () (jukkei) ? ()? () (hyakkei)

Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? (yeodeol pal))

  1. eight
  2. eight times
  3. to divide

Numeral

? o (pal) (hangeul ?)

  1. eight

Compounds

  • (, palbang)
  • (, palja)
  • (, palsik)
  • ? (?, chijeonpalgi)
  • ? (?, shipjungpalgu)
  • ? (?, palbangmiin)
  • ? (?, baekpalbeonnoe)
  • (, dalpalsip)
  • ? (?, sagopalgo)
  • ? (?, palmyeonyukbi)
  • (, palgo)
  • (, palsun)
  • ? (?, sagakpalbang)
  • (, palbulyong)
  • ? (?, gwandongpalyung)
  • ? (?, satongpaldal)
  • ? (?, ippalcheongchun)
  • ? (?, gusanpalhae)
  • ? (?, sipsangpalgu)
  • ? (?, sabangpalbang)
  • ? (?, sajupalja)

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Vi?t readings: bát[1][2][3]
?: Nôm readings: bát[1][2], b?t[1][3], b?t[1]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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