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See also: ?, ?, and ?

Translingual

Stroke order
0 strokes

Han character

? (radical 10 ?+2, 4 strokes, cangjie input (MMU), four-corner 10211, composition ???)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 123, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1340
  • Dae Jaweon: page 258, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 264, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5143

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg





Characters in the same phonetic series (?) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
? *k?o:n, *k?o:ns
? *k?o:n, *o:n, *ro:n?
? *?ko:n?
? *?ko:n?
? *o:n?, *o:n, *o:n?
? *?o:n
? *?o:n
? *?o:n
? *?o:n, *?o:ns
? *?o:n, *?on
? *?o:n, *?on
? *?o:n
? *?o:ns
? *?o:ns
? *?o:ns
? *?o:ns
? *o:n
? *o:n
? *o:n, *o:ns
? *o:n, *o:n?
? *o:n, *ons
? *o:n?, *ro:n?
? *o:n?
? *o:n?
? *?ro:n, *?ro:n
? *ro:n?
? *ro:n?
? *?on
? *?on
? *?on
? *?on
? *?on, *?on?
? *?on, *?on?
? *u:n, *u:ns

Pictogram () - a figure with two lines ? for a head (one connected to body, one above it), emphasizing the head.

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. +head
    • Synonyms: ?/? (tóu)
  2. first; primary; head; chief
  3. basic; fundamental
  4. origin; source
  5. Classifier for yuan or dollars.
  6. (mathematics) unknown variable
  7. (~?) Yuan Dynasty
  8. A surname.
Synonyms
See also
Dynasties () in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
? (~?, ~?)
2070 - 1600 BCE
Shang
? (~?, ~?)
? (~?, ~?)
1600 - 1046 BCE
Zhou
? (~?, ~?)
1046 - 256 BCE Western Zhou
Eastern Zhou
/
Spring and Autumn period
Warring States period
/
Qin
? (~?, ~?)
221 - 206 BCE
Han
?/? (~?, ~?)
206 BCE - 220 CE Western Han
/
Xin
? (~?)
Eastern Han
/
Three Kingdoms
/
220 - 280 CE Wei
?
Shu
?
Wu
?/?
Jin
?/? (~?, ~?)
265 - 420 CE Western Jin
/
Eastern Jin
/
Southern and Northern dynasties
420 - 589 CE Northern dynasties
Northern Wei
Western Wei
Eastern Wei
/
Northern Zhou
Northern Qi
/
Southern dynasties
Liu Song
/
Southern Qi
/
Liang
? (~?, ~?)
Chen
?/? (~?, ~?)
Sui
? (~?, ~?)
581 - 618 CE
Tang
? (~?, ~?)
618 - 907 CE
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
?/?
907 - 960 CE
Liao
?/? (~?, ~?)
907 - 1125 CE
Song
? (~?, ~?)
960 - 1279 CE Northern Song
Southern Song
Western Xia
1038 - 1227 CE
Jin
? (~?, ~?)
1115 - 1234 CE
Western Liao
/
1124 - 1218 CE
Yuan
? (~?, ~?)
1271 - 1368 CE
Ming
? (~?, ~?)
1368 - 1644 CE
Qing
? (~?, ~?)
1636 - 1912 CE

Compounds

Etymology 2

For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("circle; circular; round; etc.").
(This character, ?, is the second-round simplified form of ?.)
Notes:

Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 2 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Readings

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji moto)

  1. cause, origin
  2. basis, foundation
  3. cost
    ? ()?
    moto ga toreru
    to be able to cover the cost
  4. (finance) capital
  5. principal

Alternative forms

Derived terms

Etymology 2

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji Hajime)

  1. A male given name

Korean

Hanja

? o (won)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): ? (McCune-Reischauer: w?n)
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

? (nguyên, nguy?n)

  1. Source, origine
  2. A family name

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