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See also: ?, ?, and ?


Han character

? (radical 9, ?+11, 13 strokes, cangjie input ? (OHGS), four-corner 24227, composition ???)


  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 116, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1079
  • Dae Jaweon: page 247, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): not present, would follow volume 1, page 211, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+50CD


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trad. ?/?
simp. ?*
alternative forms ? nonstandard simp.

Glyph origin

Orthographic borrowing from Japanese ?.


From Japanese ?. The character is usually read as ?/? (dòng).




  1. (uncommon, dated) Used only in borrowings of Japanese words: labor; work
    ?? / ??  -  láodòng  -  labor ()

Usage notes

  • This character is pronounced similar to ?/? (dòng) based on the ?/? (y?u bi?n dú bi?n) method.
  • In mainland China, this character is considered a variant traditional form of ?/? (dòng) that forms part of the compound word / (láodòng).



Glyph origin

A (kokuji, "Japanese-coined character"). From ? ("person") + ? ("movement").



(grade 4 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. labor; work


  • Kan'y?-on: (d?, J?y?)
  • Kun: ? (hataraku, , J?y?)


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