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Translingual

Han character

? (radical 9, ?+6, 8 strokes, cangjie input ? (OYHV), four-corner 20232, composition ???)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 102, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 607
  • Dae Jaweon: page 217, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 152, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4F9D

Chinese

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?





Phono-semantic compound (, OC *q?l): semantic ? ("human") + phonetic ? (OC *q?l, *q?ls).

Etymology 1

simp. and trad.
?

Probably cognate with ? (OC *qral?, *qrals) (Wang, 1982). Perhaps ? (OC *qin) is an allofam (Pulleyblank, 1991), though the vowels do not agree (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. to lean on
  2. to rely on; to depend on
  3. to obey

Compounds

Etymology 2

simp. and trad.
?
variant forms ?
?
?

Dialectal variant of ? (ni1).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. (Cantonese) this; these
Synonyms

Japanese

Kanji

?

(common "J?y?" kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings

  • Go-on: ? (e, J?y?, uncommon)
  • Kan-on: ? (i, J?y?)
  • Kun: (yoru, )

Related terms

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: S
kan'on

From Middle Chinese ? (MC i).

The kan'on pronunciation, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation

Affix

? (hiragana ?, r?maji i)

  1. rely on; depend on
  2. according to
  3. as before
    ? (?)? () - izen - same as before, still
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: S
goon

From Middle Chinese ? (MC i).

The goon pronunciation, so likely the initial borrowing.

Pronunciation

Affix

? (hiragana ?, r?maji e)

  1. rely on; depend on

Korean

Hanja

? o (ui) (hangeul ?, revised ui, McCune–Reischauer ?i)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

? (y, e, ?, ?a)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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