%E4%BE%8D
Get %E4%BE%8D essential facts below. View Videos or join the %E4%BE%8D discussion. Add %E4%BE%8D to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
%E4%BE%8D

Translingual

Stroke order
8 strokes

Han character

? (radical 9, ?+6, 8 strokes, cangjie input ? (OGDI), four-corner 24241, composition ???)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 101, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 589
  • Dae Jaweon: page 215, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 143, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+4F8D

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?



Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. to wait upon; to serve
  2. attendant; servant
  3. A surname​: Shi

Compounds

  • (zh?ngchángshì)
  • (shìzh?ng)
  • (shìhòu)
  • / (shì'ér)
  • (shìfèng)
  • (shìn?)
  • (shìqiè)
  • /
  • / (shìcóng)
  • / (shìyìngsh?ng)
  • (shìlì)
  • (shìzh?)
  • / (shìwèi)
  • /
  • / (shìdú)
  • (shìláng)
  • /
  • /
  • / (nèishì)
  • (n?shì)
  • (yìngshì)
  • (chángshì)
  • ?/?
  • (fúshi)
  • (jìnshì)
  • /
  • /
  • (péishì)
  • /
  • /

Japanese

Kanji

?

(common "J?y?" kanji)

  1. samurai
  2. wait upon, serve
Readings
Compounds

Etymology 1

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: S
kun'yomi

?sa morapi1? -> /saburapi/ -> /saburafi/ -> /samurawi/ -> /samurai/

Sound shift from saburai (see below), itself the (ren'y?kei, stem or continuative form) of classical verb (saburafu, "to serve", modern saburau), ultimately derived from ? (sa-, prefix meaning "early") + (morafu, "to keep watch", modern morau).

The shift from saburaf- -> samuraf- is due to the development of the (josei-go, "women's language") in Middle Japanese, expected from ? (s?r?, "service", classical saurafu).

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Noun

?(?) o (samurai (historical kana ?)

  1. (historical) a warrior class in medieval and pre-modern Japan; samurai
    Synonym: (bushi)
  2. one who serves nearby:
    1. a servant
    2. a retainer
  3. Short for (samurai-dokoro): the Board of Retainers in the Kamakura and Muromachi periods.
  4. an above-average person
Derived terms
Idioms
See also

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: S
kun'yomi

?sa morapi1? -> /saburapi/ -> /saburafi/ -> /saburawi/ -> /saburai/

The (ren'y?kei, stem or continuative form) of classical verb (saburafu, "to serve").

Pronunciation

Noun

?(?) o (saburai (historical kana ?)

  1. (archaic) one who serves nearby:
    1. a servant
    2. a retainer
    3. a warrior; particularly, a samurai
  2. Synonym of (shimosaburai): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
  3. Short for (saburai-dokoro): a samurai guardhouse in the Heian period

References

  1. ^ 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN
  3. ^ Doi, Tadao (1603-1604) H?yaku Nippo Jisho (in Japanese), T?ky?: Iwanami Shoten, published 1980, ->ISBN.

Korean

Hanja

? (eum ? (si))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Nôm readings: th?

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

%E4%BE%8D
 



 



 
Music Scenes