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See also: ?, ?, ?, and ?

Translingual

Stroke order
0 strokes

Han character

? (radical 9, ?+5, 7 strokes, cangjie input ? (OMNR), four-corner 21220, composition ???)

References

  • KangXi: page 98, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 511
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 130, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4F55

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg





Pictogram (): a man carrying something - original form of ? (OC *?a:l?, "to carry").

Etymology

Cognate with the following interrogative pronouns:

  • ? (OC *?a:, "what; why")
  • ? (OC *?e:, "what; why; where")
  • ? (OC *?a:d, "why")
  • ? (OC *?a:b, "why not"): from the fusion of (OC *?a:l p?, "why not")

In Sino-Tibetan, cognate with Tibetan (ga na, "where; how"), Tibetan ? (ga ru, "to where") (Schuessler, 2007).

STEDT, on the other hand, compares ? (OC *?a:l?) to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ka ("which; like; diectic; interrogative"), to which ? (OC *k?l?, "how many") and ? (OC *?l?, "how") are also compared.

Pronunciation 1

Definitions

?

  1. (interrogative pronoun asking for the specification of an identity, quantity, quality, etc. of something) what; which
    ?? / ??  -  chù  -  where [lit. what place]
    ??  -    -  what day; when
  2. where; what place
  3. (interrogative pronoun asking for reason, manner, etc. of an action) why; how
    ??  -    -  why must you
    ??  -    -  why not
  4. +(forming emphatic sentences) so; such; what; how
  5. A surname​.
Synonyms

Descendants

  • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: Ho

Pronunciation 2

Definitions

?

  1. +Original form of ? ("to carry").

Pronunciation 3

Definitions

?

  1. +Original form of ? ("to scold; to criticise; to denounce").

Compounds

Further reading


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 2 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. what

Readings

Pronunciation

Compounds

  • ,

Interjection

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

? (hiragana , r?maji nani)

  1. What?, Huh?


Pronoun

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

? (hiragana , r?maji nani) (alternative reading hiragana , r?maji nan)

  1. what
  2. that thing (used in place of words you can't remember at the moment.)

Usage notes

  • ? is usually read as , but before ?, ?, ?, it is read as . When followed by ?, both readings are possible, albeit with different meanings.

Derived terms

Related terms

See also

Prefix

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

? (hiragana , r?maji nan-)

  1. what number, how many (used with a counter)
  2. (used with ?) many (used with a counter)
    ? ()? ()?? ()? ()?? (?)?
    kono k?koku o nankai mo mita
    I've seen this ad many times

Derived terms

References

  1. ? 1.01.1 1974, ? (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?

Korean

Hanja

? o (ha) (hangeul ?)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Kunigami

Kanji

?

Readings

Pronunciation

Pronoun

? (hiragana , r?maji n?)

  1. what

Miyako

Kanji

?

Readings

Pronunciation

Pronoun

? (hiragana , r?maji n?)

  1. what

Okinawan

Kanji

?

(grade 2 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Readings

Pronunciation

Pronoun

? (hiragana , r?maji n?)

  1. what

Vietnamese

Han character

? (, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References


Yaeyama

Kanji

?

Readings

Pronunciation

Pronoun

? (hiragana , r?maji n?)

  1. what

Yonaguni

Kanji

?

Readings

Pronunciation

Pronoun

? (hiragana , r?maji n?)

  1. what

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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