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See also: ? and ?

Translingual

Stroke order
5 strokes

Han character

? (radical 9, ?+3, 5 strokes, cangjie input (OIP), four-corner 23240, composition ???)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 93, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 386
  • Dae Jaweon: page 197, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 113, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4EE3

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • ? (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • ? (Cantonese)
  • ? (Classical)

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?



Phono-semantic compound (, OC *l'?:?s): semantic ? ("person") + phonetic ? (OC *l)

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. to replace; to take the place of
  2. to act for; to do something on behalf of
  3. to act as; to be the acting (president etc.)
  4. generation; age group
  5. historical period; era
  6. date; age
  7. dynasty; line of rulers
  8. (geology) era
  9. (grammar) Short for / (dàimíngcí); short for / (dàicí, "pronoun").
  10. (historical geography) Short for / (Dàiguó, "state of Dai").
  11. A surname​.

Compounds

Etymology 2

From ? (OC *zr?s).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. (Min Nan) affair; matter

Compounds

  • /
  • /

Etymology 3

For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("to wear something on the head; to carry on the head; etc.").
(This character, ?, is the second-round simplified form of ?.)
Notes:

Japanese

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Kanji

?

(grade 3 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Readings

  • Go-on: (dai, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: (tai, J?y?)
  • Kun: (kawaru, , J?y?); (kawaru, ); (kawari, ); (kawari, ); (kaeru, , J?y?); ? (yo, ?, J?y?); (shiro, ?, J?y?)
  • Nanori: ? (su)

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Pronunciation

Noun

?() o (shiro)

  1. (archaic) substitution
  2. (archaic) price, cost, charge
  3. (historical) shiro, a unit of land

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Pronunciation

Noun

?(?) o (yo)

  1. world, society
  2. (archaic) age, generation, era of rule
Alternative forms

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (MC d?iH).

Pronunciation

Noun

?() o (dai)

  1. price
  2. generation of a family
  3. reign of a royal
  4. decade
  5. era

Counter

?() o (-dai)

  1. generation of a royal family
  2. era, age, decade

Suffix

?() o (-dai)

  1. charge, fare, rate, fee, price, rent
  2. (indicating years spanning a specific period) -ies, -hundreds
Alternative forms
  • (period of time): ?

Korean

Hanja

? (eum ? (dae))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Vi?t readings: i (?(c)?(n?i)?(thi?t))[1][2][3]
?: Nôm readings: i[1][2][3][4][5], ?ãi[1][2][3], i[1][2][5], d?y[1][2], d?y[1][2], ri[3][4], i[1], i[1]

  1. Hán t? form of i ("representative").
  2. Nôm form of i ("life; world; generation; era").

Compounds

References


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