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Translingual

Han character

? (radical 9, ?+3, 5 strokes, cangjie input (OG), four-corner 24210, composition ???)

References

  • KangXi: page 92, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 368
  • Dae Jaweon: page 195, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 112, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4ED5

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?




Etymology

See ? "servant, retainer, officer, scholar, gentleman"

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. scholar; official; guardian
  2. to serve in the government
  3. (xiangqi) adviser; guard; minister (on the red side)
  4. A surname​.

Coordinate terms

Compounds

  • (bùshì)
  • (shìn?)
  • /
  • /
  • (shìtú)
  • /
  • (ch?shì)
  • ?/? (xuéy?u'érshì)
  • /
  • /
  • ?/?
  • (qiúshì)
  • (shìshì)
  • /

Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 3 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Readings

  • Go-on: ? (ji, J?y?, uncommon)
  • Kan-on: ? (shi, J?y?)
  • Kun: ? (tsukaeru, , J?y?)? (tukaferu, historical); (tsukamatsuru, )
  • Nanori: (tsuk?)

Compounds

Noun

? (hiragana ?, r?maji shi)

  1. official, civil service
    ? (?)?? ()?
    shi o itasu
    to resign from public office

Usage notes

  • Although ? is classified as the Kan-on (borrowed pronunciation) of ?, in compounds, ? is more often derived from the continuative form of (suru), that is, of a native Japanese origin. ? is thus a phono-semantic matching.

Korean

Hanja

? (eum ? (sa))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Nôm readings: s?, s?i, s?y, sãi, s?, s?, s?, , s?y, , sõi, s?i, x?y

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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