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See also: ? and ?
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Translingual

Stroke order
4 strokes
Stroke order
?-order.gif

Han character

? (radical 7, ?+2, 4 strokes, cangjie input (MDM), four-corner 10107, composition ??? or ??? or ???)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 86, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 257
  • Dae Jaweon: page 178, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 11, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E94

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?
alternative forms ? financial
?
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-silk.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg





One possibility (obviously folk etymology) is that ? was originally written as five horizontal lines, similar to ?, ?, ?, and the obsolete ? ("four"), but in common writing the lines would blend together. Thus, two lines were turned vertical and the right one was shortened, to form one stroke with the middle horizontal line. An alternate hypothesis explains the original ancient form of ? that resembled ? with a bar on top and a bar on bottom, as in ?. This would have meant five because when counting on a single hand, one first counts to five and then crosses back the other way to ten.

Etymology

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *l/b-?a ("five").

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. five
  2. A surname​. Wu (mainland China, Taiwan), Ng (Hong Kong)
  3. (printing) The size of type between (little 5) and (little 4), standardized as 10½ point.

See also

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Normal
(/)
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?/? ?/? ? (Taiwan)
/ (Mainland China)
Financial
(/)
? ? ?/? ?/? ? ? ?/? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese:? (?) (go)
  • -> Korean:? (?, o)
  • -> Vietnamese: ng? (?)

Others:

  • -> Tai: *ha:? ("five") (see there for further descendants)

Japanese

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : ?

Kanji

?

(grade 1 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. five

Readings

  • Go-on: ? (go, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: ? (go, J?y?)
  • Kun: (itsu, ?, J?y?); (itsutsu, , J?y?)
  • Nanori: ? (i); ? (sa); (satsu); ? (chi); ? (fu); ? (mi); ? (me)

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation

Noun

? () o (itsu)

  1. five
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (MC ?uoX).

Pronunciation

  • On'yomi
  • (file)

Noun

? (?) o (go)

  1. five
  2. a name of a hole of a wind instrument
Coordinate terms
Japanese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Regular ? () (rei)
? () (zero)
? () (ichi) ? (?) (ni) ? () (san) ? () (yon)
? (?) (shi)
? (?) (go) ? () (roku) ? () (nana)
? () (shichi)
? () (hachi) ? () (ky?)
? (?) (ku)
? () (j?)
Formal ? () (ichi) ? (?) (ni) ? () (san) ? () (j?)
90 100 300 600 800 1,000 3,000 8,000 10,000 100,000,000
Regular ? ()? () (ky?j?) ? () (hyaku)
? ()? () (ippyaku)
? ()? () (sanbyaku) ? ()? () (roppyaku) ? ()? () (happyaku) ? () (sen)
? ()? () (issen)
? ()? () (sanzen) ? ()? () (hassen) ? ()? () (ichiman) ? ()? () (ichioku)
Formal ? ()? () (ichiman)
1012 8×1012 1013 1016 6×1016 8×1016 1017 1018
? ()? () (itch?) ? ()? () (hatch?) ? ()? () (jutch?) ? ()? () (ikkei) ? ()? () (rokkei) ? ()? () (hakkei) ? ()? () (jukkei) ? ()? () (hyakkei)

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Pronunciation

Noun

? (?) o (i)

  1. five

Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? (daseot o))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("five").

Compounds


Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Vi?t readings: ng?[1][2][3][4]
?: Nôm readings: ng?[1][3][5], ng?[1], ng?[1]

  1. Hán t? form of ng? ("five").

Compounds

References


Zhuang

Numeral

?

  1. Sawndip form of haj ("five")

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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