%E4%BA%8C
Get %E4%BA%8C essential facts below. View Videos or join the %E4%BA%8C discussion. Add %E4%BA%8C to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
%E4%BA%8C
See also: ? (katakana), ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, and ?
Commons:Category
Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:

Translingual

Stroke order
?-order.gif

Han character

? (radical 7, ?+0, 2 strokes, cangjie input (MM), four-corner 10100, composition ???)

  1. Kangxi radical #7, ?.

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 86, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 247
  • Dae Jaweon: page 175, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 2, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E8C

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?
variant forms ?/? financial
?
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ACC-b18623.svg ACC-b18626.svg ?-silk.svg ?-slip.svg ?-ancient.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg





Ideogram () - two parallel lines. Compare with ?, one line meaning one, ?, three lines meaning three, and ?, four lines meaning four. Duplication of ? ("one").

Etymology

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g/s-ni-s. Cognate to Tibetan ? (gnyis), Sikkimese (nyi), Tangut ?, Burmese ? (hnac), and Sichuan Yi ? (nyip).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. two
    • ??:???,????,????,????,?????????,???? [Classical Chinese, trad.]
      ??:"??,????,????,????,?????????,?????" [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      From: I Ching, 3rd - 2nd millennia BCE
      Z? yu?: "J?nz? zh? dào, huò ch? huò ch?, huò mò huò y?, èr rén tóng x?n, qí lì duàn j?n. Tóng x?n zh? yán, qí xiù rú lán." [Pinyin]
      The Master said, on this, "The ways of good men (different seem). This in a public office toils; that in his home the time beguiles. One man his lips with silence seals; another all his mind reveals. But when two men are one in heart, not iron bolts keep them apart; the words they in their union use, fragrance like orchid plants diffuse."
  2. second
    • ??:???????????????,????????,???? [Classical Chinese, trad.]
      ??:???????????????,????????,???? [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      From: Mozi, circa 4th century BCE
      Z? Mòz? yu?: guó y?u q? huàn. Q? huàn zh? hé? Chénggu? g?uchí bù k? sh?u ér zhì g?ngshì, y? huàn y?. Bi?nguó zhì jìng sìlín mò jiù, èr huàn y?. [Pinyin]
      Mozi said: There are seven causes of worry to a state and they are: (1) When the outer and the inner city walls are not defensible; (2) When an enemy state is approaching and yet one's neighbours do not come to the rescue.
  3. +secondary, vice-
  4. +again, once more
  5. + two-fold, double
  6. +fold, times
  7. +different; other, else
    • (èrx?n)
  8. Short for "twenty, two hundred or two thousand" after hundreds, thousands and ten thousands.
    • ??????? [MSC, trad.]
      ??????? [MSC, simp.]
      M?i diànn?o hu? le y? qi?n èr. [Pinyin]
      Buying the computer cost me a thousand and two hundred bucks.
  9. Short for "twenty cents".
    • ?????? / ??????  -  Huánggu? y? kuài èr y? j?n.  -  The cucumbers are one dollar twenty per half kilogram.
  10. (dialectal Mandarin) stupid, dumb; silly, thick, lacking mental agility (often in a cute way)
    • ????! [MSC, trad.]
      ????! [MSC, simp.]
      N? zhè rén z?nme zhème èr! [Pinyin]
      Why are you so incorrigibly stupid!

Usage notes

See ? - Usage notes.

Synonyms

  • (used in counting) ?/? (li?ng)

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese:? (?) (ni)
  • -> Korean:? (?, i)
  • -> Vietnamese: nh? (?)

Others:

  • -> Thai: (yîi)
  • -> Vietnamese: nhì
  • -> Zhuang: ngeih

See also

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Normal
(/)
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?/? ?/? ? (Taiwan)
/ (Mainland China)
Financial
(/)
? ? ?/? ?/? ? ? ?/? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Playing cards in Chinese · / (p?kèpái) (layout · text)
40 Asso di picche.jpg 41 Due di picche.jpg 42 Tre di picche.jpg 43 Quattro di picche.jpg 44 Cinque di picche.jpg 45 Sei di picche.jpg 46 Sette di picche.jpg
/ ? ? ? ? ? ?
47 Otto di picche.jpg 48 Nove di picche.jpg 49 Dieci di picche.jpg 50 J di picche.jpg 51 Q di picche.jpg 52 K di picche.jpg Jolly Nero.jpg
? ? ? / /, (regional) K (black), (red), (black), (red)

Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 1 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Alternative forms

  • ? (financial or formal)

Readings

  • Go-on: ? (ni, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: ? (ji)
  • Kun: (futa, ?, J?y?); (futatsu, , J?y?); (futsu, )
  • Nanori: (oto); (kazu); (tsugi); (tsugu); (n?); ? (ha); (fuda); ? (wa)

Compounds

Derived terms

  • ? ()? (futatsu): noun: two, 2 (counting); two years old
  • ? () (futaketa) noun: two digits, double figures

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (MC ?i?H, "two").

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana ?, r?maji ni)

  1. two, 2
  2. second
    ? (?)? (?)?? (?)?? ()? ()? (?)?
    nito o ou mono wa itto o mo ezu
    focus on one thing at a time
    ? (?)?? ()?? (?)?
    ni no ashi o fumu
    hesitate; think twice; shy or flinch
    ? (?)? ()? (?)? ()
    nikai kara megusuri
    trying to do an impossible task (lit. taking eye medicine from the second floor)

Numeral

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : ?

? (hiragana ?, r?maji ni)

  1. two, 2

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Originally /huta/: *[puta] > [?uta]. The Ablaut form of ? (hito2, "one"), which it doubles.

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji futa)

  1. two

Coordinate terms

Japanese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Regular ? () (rei)
? () (zero)
? () (ichi) ? (?) (ni) ? () (san) ? () (yon)
? (?) (shi)
? (?) (go) ? () (roku) ? () (nana)
? () (shichi)
? () (hachi) ? () (ky?)
? (?) (ku)
? () (j?)
Formal ? () (ichi) ? (?) (ni) ? () (san) ? () (j?)
90 100 300 600 800 1,000 3,000 8,000 10,000 100,000,000
Regular ? ()? () (ky?j?) ? () (hyaku)
? ()? () (ippyaku)
? ()? () (sanbyaku) ? ()? () (roppyaku) ? ()? () (happyaku) ? () (sen)
? ()? () (issen)
? ()? () (sanzen) ? ()? () (hassen) ? ()? () (ichiman) ? ()? () (ichioku)
Formal ? ()? () (ichiman)
1012 8×1012 1013 1016 6×1016 8×1016 1017 1018
? ()? () (itch?) ? ()? () (hatch?) ? ()? () (jutch?) ? ()? () (ikkei) ? ()? () (rokkei) ? ()? () (hakkei) ? ()? () (jukkei) ? ()? () (hyakkei)

References

  1. ^ 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN

Korean

Etymology

From Middle Chinese ? (MC ?i?H). Attested in ?/? as Middle Korean (zi).

Hanja

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

? (eumhun ? ? (du i))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("two").

Compounds

References

  • ( ) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, ?/?. [1]

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Vi?t readings: nh?[1][2][3]
?: Nôm readings: nhì[1][2][3], nh?[2][3][4], nh?[1]

  1. Hán t? form of nh? ("two").
  2. Nôm form of nhì ("two").

References


Zhuang

Numeral

?

  1. Sawndip form of ngeih


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

%E4%BA%8C
 



 



 
Music Scenes