%E4%B9%9D
Get %E4%B9%9D essential facts below. View Videos or join the %E4%B9%9D discussion. Add %E4%B9%9D to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
%E4%B9%9D
See also: ?, ?, and ?
Commons:Category
Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:

Translingual

Stroke order
2 strokes
Stroke order
?-order.gif

Han character

? (radical 5, ?+1, 2 strokes, cangjie input (KN), four-corner 40017, composition ???)

Derived characters

Descendants

References

  • KangXi: page 83, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 167
  • Dae Jaweon: page 168, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 48, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4E5D

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?
alternative forms ? financial
?
?
?
The number nine in Chinese number gestures

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-silk.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg





Pictogram () - a stylized hand, with bent wrist/forearm (hence the hook stroke at lower right). Earlier forms resemble ?, ?. The original meaning of the glyph was "elbow", which is now written ? (OC *tku?).

After the meaning "elbow" was forgotten, ? was taken to symbolize a fist tightening to bump up against something; thus, there is a metaphorical bumping up of nine against ten, which is the last number when counting on one's fingers.

Etymology

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d/s-k?w. Compare Tibetan (dgu).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. nine
    • ??? [MSC, trad. and simp.]
      From: "The Mnemonic of Multiplication"
      Ji? ji? b?shíy?. [Pinyin]
      Nine times nine is eighty-one.
  2. (figuratively) many
    • ?????,?????? [Classical Chinese, trad.]
      ?????,?????? [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      From: 822?, Liu Yuxi, "Ripples Sifting Sand"
      Ji? q? huánghé wàn l? sh?, làng táo f?ng bò zì ti?nyá. [Pinyin]
      The Yellow River with its many twists and turns flows thousands of miles full of sand / Carried by its waves stirred up by the wind coming from a faraway land.
  3. (weather) each of the nine nine-day periods from the winter solstice
    • ???????,???????? [MSC, trad. and simp.]
      From: "The Nine Nine-Day Periods Song", a folk song
      Y? ji? èr ji? bù ch? sh?u, s?n ji?ji? b?ng shàng z?u. [Pinyin]
      In the first and the second nine-day period, one should not take out one's hand; / In the third and the fourth nine-day period, the ice is thick enough to stand.
  4. (Cantonese, euphemistic) Synonym of ? (gau1, "penis").

See also

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Normal
(/)
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?/? ?/? ? (Taiwan)
/ (Mainland China)
Financial
(/)
? ? ?/? ?/? ? ? ?/? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese:? (?) (ku); ? () (ky?)
  • -> Korean:? (?, gu)
  • -> Vietnamese: c?u (?)

Others:

  • -> Tai: *k?w? ("nine")
    • Northern Tai:
    • Wenma-Southwestern Tai:
      • Sapa-Southwestern Tai:
        • Southwestern Tai:
          • Thai: ? (gâao)
          • Northern Thai:
          • Lao: (kao)
          • Lü: (k?aw2)
          • Tai Dam: ? (c?u)
          • Shan: ? (k?w)
          • Ahom: (kaw)

Japanese

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  8 9 10  > 
    Cardinal : ?

Kanji

?

(grade 1 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. nine

Readings

  • Go-on: ? (ku, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: (ky?, J?y?) (kiu, historical)
  • Kun: (kokono, ?, J?y?); ? (kokonotsu, , J?y?)
  • Nanori: ? (ichijiku); ? (ichinoku); (kono); (hisashi)

Compounds

Etymology 1

From Early Middle Chinese. Goon, the initial reading when first borrowed into Japanese.

Pronunciation

Alternative forms

Number

? (hiragana ?, r?maji ku)

  1. nine
  2. ninth

Noun

? (hiragana ?, r?maji ku)

  1. nine
  2. the ninth

Coordinate terms

Japanese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Regular ? () (rei)
? () (zero)
? () (ichi) ? (?) (ni) ? () (san) ? () (yon)
? (?) (shi)
? (?) (go) ? () (roku) ? () (nana)
? () (shichi)
? () (hachi) ? () (ky?)
? (?) (ku)
? () (j?)
Formal ? () (ichi) ? (?) (ni) ? () (san) ? () (j?)
90 100 300 600 800 1,000 3,000 8,000 10,000 100,000,000
Regular ? ()? () (ky?j?) ? () (hyaku)
? ()? () (ippyaku)
? ()? () (sanbyaku) ? ()? () (roppyaku) ? ()? () (happyaku) ? () (sen)
? ()? () (issen)
? ()? () (sanzen) ? ()? () (hassen) ? ()? () (ichiman) ? ()? () (ichioku)
Formal ? ()? () (ichiman)
1012 8×1012 1013 1016 6×1016 8×1016 1017 1018
? ()? () (itch?) ? ()? () (hatch?) ? ()? () (jutch?) ? ()? () (ikkei) ? ()? () (rokkei) ? ()? () (hakkei) ? ()? () (jukkei) ? ()? () (hyakkei)

Etymology 2

From Middle Chinese. Kan'on, a later reading. Borrowed after palatalisation occurred in Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation

Number

? (hiragana , r?maji ky?, historical hiragana )

  1. nine

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji ky?, historical hiragana )

  1. nine
  2. an indeterminate large number, a myriad, a great many
  3. (divination) the number of yang, in opposition to ? (roku, "six") as the number of yin
Alternative forms
  • (large number): ?

Etymology 3

From Old Japanese [Term?], from Proto-Japonic *k?k?n?.

Pronunciation

Number

? (hiragana , r?maji kokono)

  1. nine

Etymology 4

/kokono/ -> /kono/

Abbreviation of Old Japanese kokono ("nine").

Pronunciation

Number

? (hiragana , r?maji kono)

  1. nine
    ...
    h?, f?, m?, ...nana, y?, kono, t?
    one, two, three, ... seven, eight, nine, ten
Alternative forms
Usage notes

Generally only used when counting out loud, as in the example above. In writing, usually found spelled out in hiragana as to make the reading unambiguous.

References


Korean

Etymology 1

From Middle Chinese ? (MC k?uX). Attested in ?/? as Middle Korean ? (kwu).

Hanja

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

? (eumhun ? (ahop gu))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("nine").
Compounds

Etymology 2

Hanja

? (eumhun ? (mo-eul gu))

  1. (archaic) Hanja form? of ? ("to gather; to collect").

References

  • ( ) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, ?/?. [1]

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Vi?t readings: c?u[1][2]
?: Nôm readings: c?u[1][3][4]

  1. Hán t? form of c?u ("nine").

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

%E4%B9%9D
 



 



 
Music Scenes