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It-?.png
U+4E16, 世
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E16

Translingual

Stroke order
5 strokes
Stroke order
?-order.gif

Han character

? (radical 1, ?+4, 5 strokes, cangjie input (PT), four-corner 44717, composition ???)

Derived characters

Descendants

Further reading

Chinese Wikisource has digitized text of the Kangxi Dictionary entry for ?:

Wikisource


  • KangXi: page 77, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31
  • Dae Jaweon: page 155, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 14, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+4E16

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?
alternative forms ?
?
?

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-bronze.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg




  • Pictogram () - three leaves on a branch. The derivative ? (OC *hljeb, *leb) refers to the original word.
  • Ideogrammic compound (): Triplication of ? ("ten") - thirty, such as a variant form ?. Thirty years make one generation (thirty times twelve months gives 360 months). Compare ? (OC *nj?b, "twenty").

Etymology

? (OC *hljebs) is derived from iterative devoicing of ? (OC *leb, "leaf") + *-s suffix, meaning successive foliages of a tree > generations. Compare Tibetan ? (lo ma, "leaf"), Western Tibetan (lob ma, "leaf") and Tibetan (lo, "year").

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. generation
    ??  -  shìdài  -  generation
  2. for many generations; spanning many generations
  3. era; period; time; epoch
  4. dynasty; regime
  5. year; age
  6. Classifier for the time of one's life.
    ?  -  y?sh?ngy?shì  -  a lifetime, all of one's life
  7. world; earth; people in the world
    ??  -  shìjiè  -  world
  8. worldly; profane; secular
  9. A surname​.

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 3 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Readings

  • Go-on: ? (se, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: (sei, J?y?)
  • Kun: ? (yo, ?, J?y?)
  • Nanori: (toshi); ? (yu); (yuki)

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

?yo2? -> /yo/

From Old Japanese, pronunciation is distinct from ? (/yo1/, "night, nighttime").

Change in meaning of ? (yo), in the sense of the bamboos and reeds bulging at certain intervals.[1]

Pronunciation

Alternative forms

Noun

?(?) o (yo

  1. world, society
  2. this world, this life
    Synonym: (zoku seken)
  3. generation, age, era
  4. lifetime
    Synonym: (issh?)
  5. lifespan
    Synonym: (jumy?)
  6. time of year, season
    Synonyms: (jisetsu), (jiki), ? (ori)
  7. relationship between a man and a woman
  8. period of a person leading as a patriarch (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (MC ?i?iH). The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

Counter

?() o (-sei

  1. generation
    ?()?()
    Rupan-sansei
    Lupin the Third

Suffix

?() o (-sei

  1. (geology) epoch

Proper noun

?() o (Sei

  1. a female given name

References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN

Korean

Etymology

From Middle Chinese ? (MC ?i?iH). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: syey) in Hunmong Jahoe (? / ?), 1527.

Hanja

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

? (eumhun ? (in-gan se))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("world").
  2. Hanja form? of ? ("lineage; generation").

Compounds

References

  • ( ) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, ?/?. [1]

Okinawan

Kanji

?

(grade 3 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Readings

Compounds

Etymology

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Cognate with mainland Japanese ? (yo).

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji y?)

  1. age, era, period, time; rule
  2. world, society

Derived terms

References

  • "" in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  • "" in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Nôm readings: th?, thá, thé, th?

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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