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See also: ? and ?
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Translingual

Stroke order
2 strokes
Stroke order
?-order.gif

Han character

? (radical 1, ?+1, 2 strokes, cangjie input (JU), four-corner 40710, composition ???(GHJKV) or ???(T))

Derived characters

Descendants

References


Chinese

simp. and trad.
?
variant forms ? financial
? ancient
? financial; ancient

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ?-silk.svg ?-slip.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg





The character ? was originally a pictogram of a vertical line and a horizontal line bisecting each other - original character of ? (OC *sni:ds, *sni:d, "to cut").

The top-most horizontal stroke is done from left to right. The vertical line and bottom-most horizontal line are done as one stroke, from top-left to bottom-right.

Etymology 1

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-ni-s ("seven").

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. seven
  2. (printing) agate: The size of type between (xi?oliù, "little 6") and ? (b?, "8"), standardized as 5½ point.

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese: ? () (shichi); ? () (shitsu)
  • -> Korean: ? (?, chil)
  • -> Vietnamese: th?t (?)

Others:

  • -> Ai-Cham: sit?
  • -> Tai: *cet? (see there for further descendants)

See also

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Normal
(/)
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?/? ?/? ? (Taiwan)
/ (Mainland China)
Financial
(/)
? ? ?/? ?/? ? ? ?/? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Further reading

Etymology 2

For pronunciation and definitions of ? - see ? ("penis; dorky; clumsy; stupid; dumb; etc.").
(This character, ?, is a variant form of ?.)

Japanese

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  6 7 8  > 
    Cardinal : ?

Kanji

?

(grade 1 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. seven
  2. seventh
  3. seven times

Readings

  • Go-on: (shichi, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: (shitsu)
  • Kun: (nana, ?, J?y?); (nanatsu, , J?y?); (nano, ?, J?y?, uncommon)
  • Nanori: (satoru); ? (shi); ? (na); (hichi)

Compounds

Alternative forms

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
goon
  • (financial form) ?

Etymology 1

From Middle Chinese ? (MC t?s?i?t?).

Pronunciation

Numeral

? (hiragana , r?maji shichi)

  1. seven, 7
Usage notes
  • (nana, see below) is used instead of (shichi) in conversation because (shichi) is considered unlucky. Compare ? (yon, shi).
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

(This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: "Possibly from Goguryeo *nan?-n?")

Pronunciation

Numeral

? (hiragana , r?maji nana)

  1. seven, 7
Derived terms

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji nana)

  1. a seven
  2. a gambler
Derived terms

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji Nana)

  1. a surname

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 1
Irregular

Shortening from nana above.

Pronunciation

Numeral

? (hiragana ?, r?maji na)

  1. (colloquial) seven, 7

Etymology 4

Kanji in this term
?
Grade: 1
Irregular

Borrowed from Mandarin ? (q?)

Pronunciation

Numeral

? (katakana , r?maji ch?)

  1. seven, 7
Derived terms

Coordinate terms

Japanese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Regular ? () (rei)
? () (zero)
? () (ichi) ? (?) (ni) ? () (san) ? () (yon)
? (?) (shi)
? (?) (go) ? () (roku) ? () (nana)
? () (shichi)
? () (hachi) ? () (ky?)
? (?) (ku)
? () (j?)
Formal ? () (ichi) ? (?) (ni) ? () (san) ? () (j?)
90 100 300 600 800 1,000 3,000 8,000 10,000 100,000,000
Regular ? ()? () (ky?j?) ? () (hyaku)
? ()? () (ippyaku)
? ()? () (sanbyaku) ? ()? () (roppyaku) ? ()? () (happyaku) ? () (sen)
? ()? () (issen)
? ()? () (sanzen) ? ()? () (hassen) ? ()? () (ichiman) ? ()? () (ichioku)
Formal ? ()? () (ichiman)
1012 8×1012 1013 1016 6×1016 8×1016 1017 1018
? ()? () (itch?) ? ()? () (hatch?) ? ()? () (jutch?) ? ()? () (ikkei) ? ()? () (rokkei) ? ()? () (hakkei) ? ()? () (jukkei) ? ()? () (hyakkei)

References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? (ilgop chil))

  1. seven

Old Japanese

Old Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  6 7 8  > 
    Cardinal : ?
    Ordinal :

Etymology

Unbound apophonic form of (?nano2? -> nano).

Numeral

? (nana)

  1. seven, 7
    • 711-712, Kojiki (poem 15)
      ? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?)? (?) [Man'y?gana]
       ()?? ()? (?)? (?)? (?)?? (?)? ()? (?) [Modern spelling]
      Yamato no Takasajino o nana yuku otome-domo tare o shi makamu
      (please add an English translation of this example)

Derived terms

  • (nana no sakasiki pito)

Descendants

  • Japanese: ? (nana)

References

  • (Kojiki kay?)

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Vi?t readings: th?t (?(thích)?(t?t)?(thi?t))[1][2][3]
?: Nôm readings: th?t[2], s?t[1]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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