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See also: -, - [U+2013 EN DASH], - [U+002D HYPHEN-MINUS], - [U+2212 MINUS SIGN], -- [U+2014 EM DASH], ? [U+30FC KATAKANA-HIRAGANA PROLONGED SOUND MARK], ? [U+4E28 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E28], ? [U+3127 BOPOMOFO LETTER I], ? [U+31AA BOPOMOFO LETTER INN], and ? [U+4EA0 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EA0]


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Translingual

Stroke order
1 stroke
Stroke order
?-order.gif

Alternative forms

Han character

? (radical 1, ?+0, 1 stroke, cangjie input ? (M), four-corner 10000)

  1. Kangxi radical #1, ?.
  2. Shu?wén Ji?zì radical No1

Derived characters

Related characters

  • ? (Financial form of ?)
  • ? (Japanese shinjitai of ?)
  • ? (Ancient form of ?)

Descendants

References

  • KangXi: page 75, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1
  • Dae Jaweon: page 129, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 1, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E00

Chinese

simp. and trad.
?
variant forms ? financial
?
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
ACC-B00002.svg ?-oracle.svg ?-bronze.svg ACC-B00014.svg ACC-B00015.svg ?-silk.svg ?-slip.svg ?-ancient.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg





Characters in the same phonetic series (?) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
? *qli?
? *qli?

A horizontal stroke, indicating the number one.

Etymology

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *?it. Descendants from the *?it etymon account for the majority of the dialectal forms for "one" in Chinese (Mandarin, Jin, Gan, Hakka, Hui, Xiang, Yue, Wu groups, etc.).

In Min, an additional unrelated form is found and used as the colloquial reading for "one". Compare:

Fuzhou/Fuding suo?8, Fuqing ?yo8, Gutian syø?8, Ningde sø?8, Zhouning s8, Putian ?o?8, Xiamen/Quanzhou/Yongchun/Zhangzhou tsit?8, Leizhou/Haikou ziak8, Longyan tse4, Youxi ?ie7, Jian'ou/Songxi tsi5, Jianyang tsi8.

Whether all of the forms above are related and their origins remain unelucidated; they may be derived from ? (cf. ? ("single, alone")), ? (< *tjak ~ g-t(j)ik) or ?.

Some Fujian dialects use ? and ? for "one".

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. one
    • ???? / ????  -  y? cháng y? du?n  -  one short and one long
    • ???? / ????  -  y? s? y? sh?ng  -  one dead, one injured
    • ????  -  y? g?o y? d?  -  one high and one low
    • ????  -  y? ti?n y?  -  one day and one night
    • ????  -  y? zu? y? yòu  -  one left, one right
  2. each; every
  3. single; alone
    • ?? / ??  -  dúzì y? rén  -  solitary
    • ?? / ??  -  zhu?ny?  -  single-minded, loyal
  4. whole; entire; all: throughout
  5. same; identical
    • ??  -  dàxi?o bù y?  -  having different sizes
  6. +another; alternative
    • ,?? / ,??  -  x?shuài, y? míng cùzh?  -  Crickets, also called cùzh? [lit. another name [being] cùzh?].
  7. With the verb modified reduplicated, expressing the transience of the verb.
    1. Indicating that the action has occurred only once.
      • ???  -  kàn y? kàn  -  to have a look
    2. Indicating the intention to try.
      • ???  -  suàn y? suàn  -  to try to calculate it
  8. once; as soon as; upon
    • ??OP??  -  y? dào OP jiù k?  -  it slows down once I get to the opening
    • ??,????? [MSC, trad.]
      ??,????? [MSC, simp.]
      From: ,
      W? y? k?ik?u, t? jiù f?ikuài de p?ok?i le. [Pinyin]
      As soon as I opened my mouth, she ran away at the speed of light.
  9. + for the first time; at the beginning
    • ? / ? [Cantonese]  -  jat1 gin3 jyu4 gu3 [Jyutping]  -  to hit it off
  10. +surprisingly; unexpectedly
    • ? / ? [Cantonese]  -  jat1 zi3 jyu1 ci2 [Jyutping]  -  How did things ever get so far?
  11. (LGBT, slang) top
    alt. forms: 1

Usage notes

Address of "one"

  • In Mandarin, when spelling a phone number, one on dice or dominoes, one is pronounced ? (y?o). This is similar to the English pronunciation of '0' as 'o' in strings of digits, such as 90210.

Tone sandhi

  • See pronunciation section for tone sandhi rules in Modern Standard Chinese.
  • In the Beijing dialect, there is a kind of tone sandhi in which ? is pronounced as regardless of the succeeding tone (Tao, 2002):
Such is grammatically different from other tone sandhis of ?; it is only used in the structure ? + noun, and only in places where it can be replaced with / (y?ge), from which it was reduced.

See also

  • ? (y?o)
Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Normal
(/)
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?/? ?/? ? (Taiwan)
/ (Mainland China)
Financial
(/)
? ? ?/? ?/? ? ? ?/? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):

Others:

  • -> Lao: ? ('et)
  • -> Thai: ? (èt)
  • -> Zhuang: it

References


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 1 "Ky?iku" kanji)

  1. one
  2. "one" radical ()

Readings

  • Go-on: (ichi, J?y?)
  • Kan-on: (itsu, J?y?)
  • Kun: (hito, ?, J?y?); (hitotsu, , J?y?)
  • Nanori: ? (i); (iru); (osamu); (kazu); (katsu); (kazu); (susumu); (tsukasa); (ten); (hajime); ? (hi); (hitoshi); (makoto); (moto)

Compounds

Alternative forms

  • (Financial/formal form): ?
  • (Historical financial/formal form): ?
  • (Ancient form): ?

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
on'yomi
Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : ?

From Middle Chinese ? (MC ?i?t?).

The goon reading, so likely the initial borrowing.

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji ichi)

  1. one, 1
  2. term relating to the number one:
    1. first in order, foremost
    2. the beginning
    3. the best
    4. a kind of; one of something
    5. (card games) ace
  3. unity
  4. the bottom string of a shamisen or other Japanese musical instrument
Derived terms

Numeral

? (hiragana , r?maji ichi)

  1. (cardinal) one, 1

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji Ichi)

  1. a surname
Idioms

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ? (MC ?i?t?).

The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation

Noun

? (hiragana , r?maji itsu)

  1. one
  2. the same
Derived terms

Numeral

? (hiragana , r?maji itsu)

  1. one, 1

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji Itsu)

  1. a female given name

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

*?pi2to2? -> */p?t?/ -> /fito/ -> /hito/

From Old Japanese.

Apophonic form of ? (futa, "two").

Pronunciation

Numeral

? (hiragana , r?maji hito)

  1. (cardinal) one, 1
Derived terms

Prefix

? (hiragana , r?maji hito-)

  1. prefix to nouns and verbs:
    1. one, single
    2. all
    3. a bit
    4. a certain time
Derived terms

Etymology 4

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 1
Irregular

Shortening of hito above.

Pronunciation

Numeral

? (hiragana ?, r?maji hi)

  1. one, 1

Etymology 5

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
Irregular

Long-pronounced form of hi above.

Pronunciation

Numeral

? (hiragana , r?maji h?)

  1. one, 1

Etymology 6

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
Irregular

Borrowing from Chinese ? (y?).

Pronunciation

Numeral

? (katakana , katakana , r?maji ?)

  1. one, 1
Derived terms

Etymology 7

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 1
Irregular

From (hajime, "beginning, first"), the (ren'y?kei, "stem or continuative form") of verb (hajimeru, "to begin something").

The use of the kanji ? for "one" is an example of jukujikun ().

Pronunciation

Proper noun

? (hiragana , r?maji Hajime)

  1. a unisex given name
  2. a surname

Coordinate terms

Numbers in Japanese
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
? () (rei)
(zero)
? () (ichi) ? (?) (ni) ? () (san) ? () (yon)
? (?) (shi)
? (?) (go) ? () (roku) ? () (nana)
? () (shichi)
? () (hachi) ? () (ky?)
? (?) (ku)
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
? () (j?) ? ()? () (j?ichi) ? ()? (?) (j?ni) ? ()? () (j?san) ? ()? () (j?yon)
? ()? (?) (j?shi)
? ()? (?) (j?go) ? ()? () (j?roku) ? ()? () (j?nana)
? ()? () (j?shichi)
? ()? () (j?hachi) ? ()? () (j?ky?)
? ()? (?) (j?ku)

References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.6 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? (hana il))

  1. one

Numeral

? o (il) (hangeul ?)

  1. (cardinal) one

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Vi?t readings: nh?t[1][2][3], nh?t[3]
?: Nôm readings: nh?t[1][2][3], nh?t[1][4], nh?t[2]

  1. Hán t? form of nh?t ("one").
  2. Nôm form of nh?t ("first; most").
  3. Nôm form of nh?t ("teeny; tiny").

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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