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See also: ?, ?, and ?

Japanese

Stroke order
1 stroke

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'y?gana kanji ? in the cursive s?sho style.

Syllable

? (romaji shi)

  1. The hiragana syllable ? (shi). Its equivalent in katakana is ? (shi). It is the twelfth syllable in the goj?on order; its position is ???? (sa-gy? i-dan, "row sa, section i").
Derived terms
  • (sha), (shu), (sho)
  • ? (ji)
See also

Etymology 2

Particle

? o (shi)

  1. Conjunctive particle. Follows items in a list of reasons.
    • ?,
      ?(?)?()??()??()?(?)?()()??()?(?)??(?)??()?(?)?()?()?()?()??()?(?)?()?(?)?()?(?)??()?
      Miwatasu kagiri hyakkaten mitai de, doko de kippu o utteiru no ka wakaranai shi, purattof?mu rashii mono mo nai no de, machigatta no ka na to omotte mata ishidan o nobottemiruto, marukiri shiranai hanka na machi de aru.
      What I could see looked like a department store, I had no idea where tickets were being sold, and there wasn't anything like a platform. Wondering if I haven't come to the wrong place I once again walked up the stone stairs and a bustling street I wasn't familiar with filled my vision.
    • ?!
      ?()?()?()?()?(?)????()?(?)?()?...?
      "Demo demo, watashi und? onchi da shi, bunkakei no kurabu mo yoku wakaranai shi..."
      "But—but I'm terrible at sports and I don't really know anything about the cultural clubs..."

Etymology 3

Alternative spellings ?
?
?
?
?

Cognate with demonstrative pronoun ? (so).

Pronoun

? o (shi)

  1. third person personal pronoun; he, she, it
    • c. 759, Man'y?sh? (book 5, poem 904)
      ? ? ?
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    • c. 759, Man'y?sh? (book 19, poem 4191)
      ?? ? ?
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    • c. 759, Man'y?sh? (book 19, poem 4254)
      ? ??
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  2. reflexive pronoun; one, oneself
    • c. 759, Man'y?sh? (book 18, poem 4094)
      ? ? ?
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    • c. 935: Tosa Nikki (day 24)
      ???
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    • c. late 10th century: Ochikubo Monogatari (Volume 1)
      ?
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Etymology 4

Reading of various Chinese words.

Noun

? o (shi)

  1. ?: four
  2. ?: poem, verse
  3. ?: death
  4. ?: teacher, Reverend
  5. ?: civil service

Suffix

? o (-shi)

  1. ?: city

Etymology 5

Suffix

? o (-shi)

  1. (Classical Japanese) The adnominal form of ? (ki, past tense auxiliary).
    • 1994, (lyrics), (music), "", performed by :
      ?()?( ?)?? ?()??()? ???()
      mabuta tojireba soko ni ai o kureshi kimi no natsukashiki koe ga suru
      When I close my eyelids, I hear by my side the voice of beloved you who gave me love

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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