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Belarusian

Etymology

From Old East Slavic ? (?as?), from Proto-Slavic *?as?.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [tas]
  • (file)

Noun

o (?asm inan (genitive , nominative plural , genitive plural , related adjective ?)

  1. time
    ? ?. - Heta tól?ki daremnaja trata ?asu. - It is a sheer waste of time.
    ? - ?as hódu - season, time of year
  2. (grammar) tense
    - budu?y ?as - future tense
    - minuly ?as - past tense
    - cjapjera?ni ?as - present tense

Declension

References

  • "" in Belarusian-Russian dictionaries and Belarusian dictionaries at slounik.org

Bulgarian

Bulgarian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia bg

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *?as?.

Pronunciation

Noun

o (?asm

  1. hour (unit of time)
    ? - po céli ?asové - over [a period of] many hours, for a long time
  2. o'clock
    - dvanádeset ?asá - 12 o'clock
  3. time, hour (pinpointed instant in the day-night cycle)
    ? ? - Kolko e ?as?t? - What is the time?
  4. (poetic) suitable moment (to undertake something)
    ? - nastpi zavétnijat ?as - the ultimate/conclusive moment has come
  5. (education) lesson, class, period

Declension

Usage notes

  • Note the difference between (dva ?ása, "two hours") and (dva ?asá, "two o'clock").

Derived terms

  • (do ?as, "not for long, recently/soon")
  • (za ?as) (colloquial), ? (zav?ás, "quickly, rapidly") (literally: "up to an hour")
  • (na ?asá, "almost immediately, instantly") (adverb)
  • (?asóvnik, "watch, clock")
    • (?asovnikár, "watch-maker")
  • (?asovój, "sentry")

References

  • in Re?nik na b?lgarskija ezik (Institut za b?lgarski ezik)
  • in Re?nik na b?lgarskija ezik (?itanka.Info)

Macedonian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *?as?.

Pronunciation

Noun

o (?asm

  1. hour
  2. time
  3. o'clock
    ? - ?. - Kolku e ?asot? - Tri ?asot e. - What time is it? - It's 3 o'clock.
    ? 5 . - Avtobusot za Skopje trgnuva vo 5 ?asot. - The bus for Skopje leaves at 5 o'clock.


Declension


Russian

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old East Slavic ? (?as?), from Proto-Slavic *?as?.

Pronunciation

Noun

o (?asm inan (genitive or , nominative plural , genitive plural , related adjective , diminutive or )

  1. (in the singular) hour, o'clock, time, time of day
    ? - Kotóryj ?as? - What time is it?
    ? ? - V kotórom ?asú? - At what time?
    - ?as - one o'clock
    - ?as nó?i - one a.m.
    ? - v ?as - at one o'clock
    - odín ?as - one hour
    - dva ?asá - two o'clock; two hours
    ? - v dva ?asá - at two o'clock
  2. (in the plural) hours, o'clock
    ? - pjat? ?asóv - five o'clock; five hours
  3. (in the plural) clock, watch
    - na moíx ?asáx - by my watch
    ? ? . - U mojevó bráta néskol?ko ?asóv. - My brother has several watches.
    ? . - Éti ?asý ne idút. - This clock/watch doesn't work.
  4. (poetic) time, day
    ?. - ?as raspláty nastál. - The day of reckoning has arrived.

Usage notes

After numbers ending with 2, 3 or 4 (except for those ending with 12, 13 or 14), the stress of the genitive singular moves to the last syllable: , , ? .

Declension

Derived terms

  • ? (sej?ás, "now, currently")
  • ? (tot?ás, "instantly, immediately")
  • (cárskije ?asý)

Related terms

  • - (kilovátt-?as)
  • ?-? (ma?íno-?ás)
  • ? (stoját? na ?asáx)
  • (?asovój)
  • (?asovík)
  • (?asók)
  • (?ásom)
  • (?as pik)
  • (?asý)

Descendants

  • -> Kildin Sami: (ss, "hour, watch")

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *?as?.

Noun

? m (Latin spelling s)

  1. moment
  2. (Bosnia, Serbia) hour
  3. (Bosnia, Serbia) lecture, lesson, period

Declension

Descendants


Tuvan

Etymology

From earlier *?az < *y?z, from Proto-Turkic *y ("spring, summer").

Noun

o (ças) (definite accusative , plural )

  1. spring

Ukrainian

Etymology

From Old East Slavic ? (?as?), from Proto-Slavic *?as?.

Pronunciation

Noun

o (?asm inan (genitive , nominative plural , genitive plural , related adjective )

  1. time
    ? ? . - Jij treba bulo ?asu dlja obdumuvannja. - She wanted time to think it over.
    ? ? ?-? . - Mo?e? dzvonyty meni u bud?-jakyj ?as. - You can call me any time.
    ? ? ?. - Ja dobre provela ?as na ve?irci. - I had a good tiume at the party.
  2. (grammar) tense
    - majbutnij ?as - future tense
    ? ? - prostyj mynulyj ?as - simple past tense
    ? - teperi?nij ?as - present tense

Declension

Derived terms

  • (su?ásnyj)
  • (su?ásnyk)

References

  • Bilodid, I. K., editor (1970-1980), "", in ? ? 11 [Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language: in 11 volumes] (in Ukrainian), Kyiv: Naukova Dumka
  • in (?) [Horokh (Inflection)] (in Ukrainian)

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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