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Ancient Greek

Etymology

From Proto-Hellenic *gr?p, from Proto-Indo-European *gerb?-. Cognates include Old English ?eorfan (English carve), Old Church Slavonic (?r?b?).

Pronunciation

 

Verb

o (gráph?)

  1. (Epic) to scratch, cut into
    • 800 BCE - 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 17.599:
      / ? [...]
      grápsen dé hoi ostéon ákhris / aikhm? Pouludámantos [...]
      and the spearpoint of Polydamas scratched him close to the bone [...]
  2. to draw, sketch, paint
  3. to write
  4. to write down, propose a law
    • 430 BCE - 354 BCE, Xenophon, Hellenica 1.7.34:
      ?' ? ? ? ? ?.
      taût' eip?n Euruptólemos égrapse gn?m?n katà tò Kann?noû ps?phisma krínesthai toùs ándras díkha hékaston.
      After saying this, Euryptolemus proposed a resolution that the men be tried under the decree of Cannonus, each one separately.
  5. (middle)
    1. (indirect reflexive) write down for oneself, note down
      • 366 BCE - 348 BCE, Plato, Theaetetus 143a:
        ?   ? ? ; ;
          , [...] ' ' ' ? [...] .
        Terpsí?n   atàr tínes êsan hoi lógoi? ékhois àn di?g?sasthai?
        Eukleíd?s   ou mà tòn Día, [...] all' egrapsám?n mèn tót' euthùs oíkad' elth?n hupomn?mata [...] .
        Terpsion: But what was the talk? Can you repeat it?
        Eucleides: No, by Zeus, but I wrote myself notes as soon as I came home.
    2. to indict, prosecute
      • 330 BCE, Demosthenes, On the Crown 13:
        [...] ? ' ? ? ?, [...] , ?
        deî [...] taîs ek tôn nóm?n tim?ríais par' autà tadik?mata khrêsthai, [...] ei dè gráphonta paránoma, paranóm?n graphómenon
        he must make use of the legal punishments for these crimes: [...] if [I] proposed illegal measures, to indict [me] for breaking the law
      • ?
        hoi grapsámenoi
        the prosecutors
  6. (perfect passive) be written down, be in written form
    • 366 BCE - 348 BCE, Plato, Theaetetus 143a:
        [...] ? ? .
      Eukleíd?s   [...] h?ste moi skhedón ti pâs ho lógos gégraptai.
      Eucleides:   [...] So I have pretty much the whole conversation written down.

Conjugation

Derived terms

  • (anagráph?)
  • ? (antengráph?)
  • (antepigráph?)
  • (antigráph?)
  • (antidiagráph?)
  • ? (antiparagráph?)
  • (apográph?)
  • (apodiagráph?)
  • ? (grábd?n)
  • (grámma)
  • (grammateîon)
  • (grammatikós)
  • (gramm?)
  • ? (grapheús)
  • (graph?)
  • ? (grapseí?)
  • (diagráph?)
  • ? (engráph?)
  • (enkatagráph?)
  • (eisgráph?)
  • ? (ekgráph?)
  • (emperigráph?)
  • (epigráph?)
  • (epidiagráph?)
  • (kathupográph?)
  • (katagráph?)
  • (metagráph?)
  • ? (metengráph?)
  • (metepigráph?)
  • (paragráph?)
  • ? (parengráph?)
  • (parepigráph?)
  • (perigráph?)
  • (poigráph?)
  • (proanagráph?)
  • (prográph?)
  • (prodiagráph?)
  • (proepigráph?)
  • (prokatagráph?)
  • (prosanagráph?)
  • (prosapográph?)
  • ? (prosgráph?)
  • (prosdiagráph?)
  • (prosengráph?)
  • (prosepigráph?)
  • ? (proskatagráph?)
  • ? (prosparagráph?)
  • (prosupográph?)
  • (proüpográph?)
  • (sungráph?)
  • (sunkatagráph?)
  • (sumperigráph?)
  • (sunanagráph?)
  • ? (sunengráph?)
  • (sunepigráph?)
  • (sunupográph?)
  • (hupergráph?)
  • ? (hupográph?)

Descendants

  • Greek: (gráfo)

References

Further reading


Greek

Etymology

From Ancient Greek . For the stems, see Related terms.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /'?ra.fo/
  • Hyphenation:

Verb

o (gráfo) (past , passive )

  1. write, pen
  2. record
  3. issue a ticket (for traffic violation, etc)

Conjugation

Antonyms

  • ? (xegráfo, "strike out")

Related terms

More than 60 compounds with - or -[1] e.g.

  • (antigráfo, "to copy, to cheat")
  • ? (engráfo, "enrol, register")
  • (epigráfo, "inscribe, entitle")
  • ? (skinografó, "direct film or play")
  • (syngráfo, "to write (a book, etc), to author")
  • (ypográfo, "to sign")

From stems:

  • ?- [2] (-, -, -?, -?) e.g.
    • (katagrafikó, "chart recorder, datalogger")
  • - > ?-
    • ? (engrápsimos, "able to be enrolled")
    • ? n (grápsimo, "writing")
  • - > - [3]
  • ? (graptós, "written") and - [4]

References

  1. ^ * in [Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek], 1998, by the "Triantafyllidis" Foundation.
  2. ^ *?* in [Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek], 1998, by the "Triantafyllidis" Foundation.
  3. ^ ** in [Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek], 1998, by the "Triantafyllidis" Foundation.
  4. ^ ** in [Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek], 1998, by the "Triantafyllidis" Foundation.

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